These two words, the mere fragment of a statement, and yet an all-encompassing declaration in and of itself, are the most provocative and powerful utterance in our human language. Whatever word we choose to place after this little snippet of a sentence is usually an uninspiring, reductionistic appraisal that we each hold of ourselves and subsequently take into the world every day.
Who we think we are is relative at best because, at the level of our egoic mind, we see ourselves only through the lens of all our social conditioning. The “conditioned” self that we tend to identify so strongly with, is only an accumulation of impressions or beliefs we’ve gathered about ourselves over the course of a lifetime. We see ourselves as separate, detached, isolated, and defined by the boundaries of this physical body we reside in. But, that is only an illusion. We don’t exist in isolation, we are a part of everything that surrounds us. This separation we experience is only one aspect of the illusion of Maya (what we perceive as the “self”).
We’re not living on Earth, as something separate from it . . . we “ARE” the living Earth. We are an extension of it. Made up of a whopping 11 elements (out of the 148 known elements), all of which come from the Earth, we are a scoop of the Earth held together for a brief period of time by our breath. Nothing more. Our bodies are on loan; we borrow them from the Earth and when we depart from the physical plane the Earth will reclaim them. The human body is simply a medium that allows life to pass through it. They are ours, but they are not us. This self-perception we’ve constructed over the course of our life is nothing more than an accumulation of impressions that have been made upon us. It’s a collage of labels we identify with and pin to ourselves, believing the labels give context to who we are. They’re all illusions of course. None of the labels we use to proclaim who or what we are can ever define what we truly are. What we are is something that cannot be defined, only defiled by attempts to define it. This self-perception we have of ourselves exists in relation to everything else we come in contact with or experience.
Though we identify with our body as being “US,” we are not the body. Our body is a sophisticated technology or machine with an intelligence completely separate from our cognitive awareness of it. Every cell, every organ, and every tissue in our body possesses an intelligence, a software so to speak, that is performing an unimaginable number of very complex processes and activities that we are completely unaware of. We’re not running the machine; it’s running itself independent of any and all cognitive awareness on our part. Made from the Earth, it takes everything we eat or drink (which is from the Earth) and transforms it into the body that we temporarily inhabit, again, which is made only of the Earth. We are simply passing through these bodies of ours.
Because of the way we’ve structure society, over time we slowly become oblivious of our connection to everything surrounding us, seeing ourselves in the context of comparison to everyone else.
It’s unfortunate, but only a short period of our life is lived from our authentic self; that part of us that existed before we were taught what to think, what to believe, and how to see things.
From birth till around the age of eight years old we have no self-awareness, no concept of “I” as something separate from everything else, much less the ability to define ourselves as “I am . . . fill in the blank.” There is no “ego” yet. Life during this period is completely experiential, like a dream, where time doesn’t exist. There is no sense of fear, apprehension, expectation, or agenda. Children live immersed in the eternal “present” moment; an ability we lose as adults, where we are rarely present. How little control we have over our mind that often is working against us. We find ourselves drifting effortlessly into the past, ruminating on past experiences, lost in our memories or projecting ourselves into the future with fear and anxiety of the unknown with an overactive imagination that we can’t seem to turn off.
Looking into the eyes of a young child, you’ll see that most often there is no self, only an empty yet expansive presence behind the eyes. “Essence” is all that is contained in the body of a child, and essence has no concept of time, no worries, no fear, no expectations, no script, no ego. For a child, nothing exists beyond the precious bubble of time or temporal experience they are involved in at any given moment. If only that could last forever…
By the age of 6, our indoctrination into society begins. We are placed in schools where we are taught vocabulary, colors, numbers, names of everything, and not only how to think, but what to think. And sadly, most of what we are taught goes unquestioned by our fledgling little minds, that simply trust that what adults are subjecting us to is in our own best interests. Lacking any sense of discernment, our entire focus is outbound. We’re taught that life isn’t something that “is,” it’s something we need to prepare for so we can begin participating in it. So in preparation for our entry into life, everything has been labeled for us, defined, mapped out and explained. As a result, we see ourselves and the world as a series of labels and never see the “essence” of anything ever again.
Ultimately, what we are being taught through our schooling process is how to become “essential” and how to “compete” in the world. We mindlessly recite our allegiance to a country before we even know what the words mean. We quickly learn that the world is divided up into teams, and establish that a “country” is the team we belong to and something separate from every other country. With our clever intellect, we divided reality into a never-ending list of dualistic concepts: right-wrong, good-bad, gains-losses, us-them, etc. We’re taught to compete for good grades, compete for the best attendance, compete in sports, compete for prom court, compete for college placement, compete for jobs, compete for advancement, compete in the marketplace, and to compete against one another for not only survival but an imaginary social status that we think somehow defines us. From this level of thinking our “ego” begins to emerge.
Life is no longer something we are connected to and having a symbiotic relationship with, but rather something to contend with and compete with. We see even the Earth as something to conquer, subdue, exploit, and cannibalize for the marketplace. We become separated and detached from everything, dividing even ourselves into two entities: our essence and our persona or ego.
Our ego is an illusion, a mask, a persona or personality that evolves over the course of a lifetime by comparing ourselves to everyone we’ve ever met. We grow into this mask we wear over our consciousness. This external image we project to the world whether as a professional persona in the world of business or the personality we develop for our personal endeavors and relationships creates a focus that only distorts the perception of who and what we really are . . . our authentic self. We are encouraged to wear these masks so long and so often that we forget the “essence” of who we are beneath it. As a result, living a life of casting shadows, we are provided with only a few brief glimpses of our “real self,” our “essence,” that lies beneath the veil of our ego; beyond that which we identify with as “self,” beyond name, beyond form, and beyond thinking.
Our ego is like shards of glass in a shattered mirror where each shard represents different roles we play in different environments with different people to secure something for ourselves. It might be for friendship, sex, social status, entertainment, a job, self-preservation, or a whole host of other reasons. We tend to place people in our lives in the way that is most self-serving for us and meets our own self-interests. Those we call “friends” are those whose beliefs systems match ours the most.
We delude ourselves with our ego because it creates a false image of ourselves by fragmenting us into countless categories of comparison with everyone else. From the perspective of our ego, we never see ourselves as “whole” but instead, always see ourselves as lacking something that always makes us less than whole and inadequate.
So why is it important to really understand who we are?
How we see ourselves is ultimately how we see the world we navigate through day after day. It colors our interpretation of everything and therefore contributes to the world we collectively create together as we interact with one another and every living thing on this beautiful planet of ours. We either see ourselves as separate from the whole of existence or a beautiful expression of it and intimately woven both into and out of it. If we see ourselves as the latter then everything we do is viewed with a sense of inclusion, not exclusion. It’s what creates a sense of community; not just a community of people, but a community of all living things. Why do I believe that latter statement is so important?
“Everything we do affects the whole of existence.” There is no such thing as a benign act. This is very important to understand, because the more we connect with and understand ourselves, the more we understand our connection to others, the environment, the planet as a whole, and the world we live in. The world as it is is only a reflection of how we see ourselves as individuals and collectively as a community.
The delicate “web of life” that sustains all of us is such that there is an extraordinary “inter-connectedness” to everything. Nature abhors a vacuum, and so as a consequence of its flawless design, nothing in nature is “independent!” Instead, every thread in the fabric of nature is “interdependent” with each and every living and non-living thing relying on the other for its continued existence. Every living thing is contributing to your existence so that you may live.
Something to keep in mind when one considers the world that we’ve divided up into countries, states, politics, social strata, class distinction, race, religion, ethnicity, and so on. All these distinctions leave us feeling disconnected and cut off from one another.
So then, why can’t we feel this connection to EVERYTHING?
It’s our identification with everything material that leads us to believe there is nothing beyond what we can perceive with our five senses, and even if there is, we tell ourselves, we don’t have time to think about all that nonsense.
It’s fascinating to me that we live in a world where we are surrounded by science and technology that can detect all kinds of things that lie beyond what can be perceived by our senses, and yet we still continue to hold the belief that we are our bodies and there is no deeper reality than what we experience on the most superficial level with our five senses. Everything we perceive as real is only perceived as “real” because it is vibrating at a frequency that is commensurate with our five senses. But our five senses deceive us, as they perceive less than one percent of all the vibratory frequencies that we know exist. So it beckons the question, what is real and what is reality?
Religion, in a very futile sense, tries to bridge the gap between the ethereal realms and the “here and now,” but, religion is insufficient at soothing our fears of the unknown and what lies beyond because one doesn’t practice religion. Its entire focus is outbound, dividing creation from its creator, when in fact the two are completely indivisible. It’s predicated on a dogma that is archaic and non-sensical. Its ritualized, rehearsed, redundant mental conjecture, which requires very little to no thought or self-discovery, nor does it require a peering into the abyss because the answers are all provided in advance. It doesn’t advocate an inward journey but rather an external projection to connect with a divine entity, “out there” beyond the physical realm.
Before the age of technology and all the countless diversions from one’s self that come with it, men had accessed a much deeper reality. The ancient wisdom of countless sages who penetrated the veil of this physical reality by going beyond “mind” and “thought” has been almost entirely forgotten and replaced by an epidemic of amnesia, an unknowing of who and what we truly are. We in the western world, as opposed to those in the eastern world, have chosen an institutionalized, somewhat spoon fed way of thinking (or lack thereof) and seeing ourselves and the world that surrounds us, over a much deeper and profound knowledge discovered by Buddha and other ascended masters, that lies beyond the wellspring of thoughts that are constantly bubbling up inside us. We have divided ourselves into our essence and our persona by dissociating with our true essence and replacing it with a surface personality, with an ego, and countless societal labels, distractions, and technology.
Buddha said, in the Kalama Sutra, “in order to ascertain the truth, one must doubt ALL traditions, scriptures, teachings, and all the content of one’s mind and senses.”
Truth and essence lie beyond all such things; beyond our persona, beyond thinking, beyond the mind. In stillness, we find ourselves by discovering there is no “self.” That may be bothersome to some, but I for one take comfort in knowing I’m connected to everything, that I have no beginning and no end, that I’m part of a whole, that I’m limitless, eternal, and exist both within and without.
Disclaimer: this particular writing of mine is essentially a transcript of a talk I gave in 2016 on the health of the planet, thus the title. What could be in essence, a small book, is presented here as a singular writing.
Though there is quite a bit of information here, I hope you will take your time with it and perhaps even choose to read a little at a time. I hope you enjoy this editorial, as I believe it will be very eye-opening and informative as to where we stand in our relationship to the planet.
Ours is an exceptionally rare and unique planet in being a planet that has both water and soil on it. The thin skin of soil that covers the Earth is teeming with LIFE. It’s quite literally a living organism, not some dead biologically inert thing. We’re fortunate to have soil because most of the terrestrial environments are non-living. Most of the Earth’s terrain is mineral, it’s rock, and is absent of life. And yet, milled out of this substrate, somehow in the most miraculous of ways, soil forms on this rock, creating a very thin blanket where life is possible.
Through the miracle of nature itself, over eons of time, weathering breaks down the rock. Out of this mineral substrate, the nutrients of the rock are transformed by fungi and lichens, into the living, nutrient-rich layer we call “soil.” This precious life-giving soil, that in conjunction with the oceans and the air we breathe, is what makes life, especially our lives, possible.
Nature has provided us with an instruction booklet and its instructions are laws we must abide by in order to have a sustainable future, and yet, as a civilization we are violating those laws in a dramatic and devastating way every day, rendering for ourselves a bleak future that may soon be unescapable.
The most fundamental law of Nature, that clearly modern civilization and those of us living in it has very little understanding of, is that we cannot separate our well-being from the well-being of the planet we live on, any more than a child developing in-utero can separate its well-being from the well-being of its mother that is providing for and nourishing it. We are not just occupants of this planet we live on, we are an extension of it. We are quite literally made of Earth . . . .
Our relationship with the Earth in the past was balanced, interdependent, symbiotic, or in layman’s terms, mutually beneficial, one in which both beneficiaries contributed to the well-being of the other. Unfortunately, as business and industry has evolved in the last 200 years, our relationship with the Earth has become parasitic in nature, to the extent that we are now devouring and destroying the planet in a way, that is debilitating to every ecosystem, and every other living species on Earth. Though imperceptible to the masses living in first-world countries, where we are to a very large degree our lives have been completely removed from Nature, our blighting of the planet is clearly evident everywhere.
So to help “connect the dots,” I’m hoping to provide perspective by providing a “report card” of the planet, so to speak, in this article to see how the world is doing as a whole. This is important to understand because quite literally our children’s future depends on it.
“DRIVING WITH OUR EYES CLOSED”
When I was a child I grew up in a large family with 3 brothers and 3 sisters. My younger brothers and I would invariably rough house with one another and as you might imagine, one of us would always manage to get hurt. My mother delegated discipline to my father, who upon arriving home from work, and just prior to dispensing his corporal punishment (spankings), would say, “it’s always fun until somebody gets hurt.”
Sadly, we don’t always foresee the outcome of our actions or understand when we should have proceeded with caution until we brush up against negative consequences . . . . like spankings for example when you’re a child. This allegory could be a metaphor for the trajectory the human race is on, and it’s an unfortunate one.
John Muir once said, “When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.”
Everything living and non-living is connected, We are all individual notes in this GRAND SYMPHONY OF LIFE, that we all play a part in. I think that’s important to understand because for every action there is a reaction. Since everything is connected, there is nothing we can do as individuals, or collectively as a society, that doesn’t either directly or indirectly impact or affect every other living thing on the planet.
But over the past 3 decades, the understanding of how intimately our well-being is woven into the well-being of the planet has been lost.
Over the past 200 years, in our race to build a modern civilization, the understanding of how intimately our well-being is woven into the well-being of the planet has been lost to the majority, with each new generation even further removed from that understanding than the one that came before it. But in spite of the pervasive social apathy with respect to environmental issues and crises we’re now facing, there is an awakening occurring.
The environmental movement is one that is definitely gaining momentum, and there are a number of incredible, ingenious innovations, that both individuals and companies are coming up with to help us reconnect with the Earth. But despite these efforts there still are tens of millions, in our country alone, that still have absolutely no understanding of how our actions influence life on the Planet. There’s a disconnect that has occurred where we’ve given up self-reliance in exchange for a “CORPORATE LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM” we’ve created, that we expect to provide us with everything we need or could ever want.
We live in a world where we see money and the “economy” as the only way to survive on the planet instead of seeing the preservation of the planet itself as the only way to truly survive. It’s fascinating when one considers that we’re the only species that has to pay to live on the planet, especially when one understands that the Earth is a community to which we belong, NOT a commodity for our consumption. It belongs to all of us and not to corporations who now patent even life itself. We have yet to learn this.
Tom MacMillan, a pundit of environmental sustainability, shared his thoughts on the subject saying, “for 200 years we have been conquering Nature. Now we’re just beating it to death.” Humanity has arrived at a tipping point, where our continued existence on the planet, and for that matter, every living species, is now being threatened. For the first time ever, scientists are now plotting trajectories and timelines surmising how much time we actually have left. If we continue to live life as we are today it’s far less time than most would probably guess.
DELUSIONS OF GRANDUER
So how did we end up here?
No one would argue that civilization’s advancement in the past 200 years since the “Industrial Revolution,” has been anything short of extraordinary, but it has not come without an extraordinary cost to the planet. It’s a sad commentary, but it would appear that we as a civilization grew up before we figured out how to live on the planet in a sustainable way.
As we are waking up to the realization of what we are doing to our planet we must now build a new civilization overtop of the existing one, because if we don’t, our children will not have a future to inherit.
There’s essentially only one way to ensure our survival and that is to imitate Nature, not to contend with it or conquer it. Unfortunately, the way we are living on the planet as a Society is completely incongruent and out of sync with the Laws of Nature that govern the long-term sustainability of LIFE. Not only ours, but every living thing on the planet.
As a result, the effect we are having on the planet is creating stresses to every living ecosystem that are mounting in both scope and number and gaining more momentum with each passing year as the human population grows at an exponential rate.
To give that some perspective, consider that the Earth is an estimated 4.6 billion years old. If we were to compress 4.6 billion years into a time frame of just 46 years (which just so happens to be my age), on this timescale, humans have been on the planet for a little less than 4 hours. Our industrial revolution, “the age of technology, innovation, industry, and manufacturing,” would have been in effect for only about 1 minute out of a 46 year time span.
In that very brief span of time, since the industrial revolution began a little over 200 years ago, we have destroyed almost 60% of the world’s forests and brought about the extinction of over 50% of the world’s animals species. In our not so distant future we’re facing the 6th mass extinction this planet has seen as we are currently witnessing the greatest die-off of species since the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.
Currently, 52% of primates, 21% of reptiles, 41% of amphibians, 31% of fish species, 13% of birds species, 31% of invertebrates (butterflies, bees, earthworms, etc.), 68% of plant species and 22% of flowering plants are at a very high risk of extinction. – Statistics provided by the Center for Biodiversity
Based on our current economic model 100% of humanity is at risk of extinction. If we don’t change our economic model and choose to continue with a “business as usual” mentality, then humanity has written its final chapter and we’re living in it. Our current economic model and way of doing business is not a sustainable scenario. Let me repeat that. THIS IS NOT A SUSTAINABLE SCENARIO!!!!!! This is not something to shrug our shoulders at and continue kidding ourselves that all is well in the world or even if it isn’t that someone somewhere is going to fix the problem.
THE WORLD AS THEY INTEND YOU TO SEE IT!!!
Scientific research worldwide over the last decade has revealed several very disturbing trends that indicate that this “unsustainable way of living” is pushing civilization towards rather dismal and dire circumstances. What projections now indicate is that in the very near future, we as a global society are poised for an economic and ecological collapse from which there will be no recovery. Sounds bleak and may even sound alarmist, but it’s not intended to. There’s room for hope, but it involves changes in our behavior, which is never easy, especially when people don’t understand the need to. Simply put, people don’t know what they don’t know. In other words, they don’t know what they haven’t been exposed to.
Some of you reading this may be thinking, “David, what are you talking about? I don’t see the sky falling in!” I can certainly appreciate that perspective. For those of us living in a first world country, what I’m describing lies beyond the perception that most of us have of the world around us. It’s simply not part of our reality, primarily because we don’t see any evidence for it in our immediate surroundings. As we go about our daily lives, we flush our toilet, but we don’t question where it goes. We put our garbage out on the curb, but we don’t ponder where it’s transported and dumped. It just “goes away.” We get our food from a grocery store chain, without ever questioning where it came from or what’s in it. We don’t till the fields and harvest our food ourselves. In other words, the world we’ve created is a society completely dependent on corporations to provide for us and we have very little if any connection to the natural world from where we came and yet are imperceptibly still connected to whether we realize it or not. Nature for most part, is something we venture out into when we just need to “get away from it all.” It’s an escape.
Our lives to a very large degree, are very out of touch with respect to our impact on the Natural World because our lives have taken on the appearance of being almost completely independent of our very real dependence on the viability of the Earth’s eco-systems.
Our perception of what we call the “Real World” is anything but accurate, because our perception of what we think of as the “Real World,” (meaning civilization and the economy) is lacking any sense of “Reality” as to what the ecological state of the World we’re “really” living in, is actually in. This is no accident. And yes, that complicated sentence was intended to be complicated as I’m trying to emphasize how little reality there is to most people’s perception of the world around them.
Each of our lives is essentially lived out in a bubble, where down here on the surface of the planet, our point of view with respect to what is happening globally is extremely limited. It’s only in pulling back and looking at the world from the 50,000 ft. level, that we begin to see the big picture, one that is not provided to us in mainstream media.
THE ILLUSION OF CHOICE
Picture provide by infographic.com
Within our MAINSTREAM MEDIA, there is a constant manipulation of the information we’re provided with, providing us with a very distorted and limited view of the world. The late George Carlin understood the tremendous power media has in molding the public mind and public opinion. Truly considered by many as one of the greatest comedic geniuses of our time, part of his act was to harp on media. He would say, “My mind just doesn’t seem to work the right way. I’ve got this real moron thing I do. It’s called thinking. And I’m not a very good American because I like to form my own opinions…I have certain rules I live by. My first rule, I don’t believe anything the government tells me….and I don’t take very seriously the media or the press in this country. It’s entertainment.”
Media has never been more consolidated and more contrived than it is today.
Consider that just 25 years ago, over 50 independent news companies provided our News. Most of these were privately held companies with a stake in making sure that the News they were providing was very accurate. Those that could be “trusted” with presenting the most accurate news coverage were viewed most and got the ratings, subsequently getting the support of those marketing companies that would advertise with them. It’s how they funded themselves and kept the lights on, so to speak.
Picture provide by Infographic.com
Today those 50+ companies have not only been acquired but consolidated by the very companies that used to advertise with them. Six publicly traded Corporate leviathans now control all our News and paint our very distorted perception of the World. Virtually every billboard, magazine, newspaper, radio and tv broadcast, is strategically designed as propaganda with a consistent message. That message is, “don’t worry about what is going on in the rest of the world, it’s all under control. We’re taking care of everything. And since “happiness” is something that can be acquired through the acquisition of material possessions, just enjoy your life, tend to yourself, your obligations, your interests . . . . . . . AND KEEP SHOPPING!!!” We have been conditioned to have a very myopic view of life, tending to our own obligations with very little time or energy to worry about much else.
Our news is dispensed by the very companies trying to sell us something at every commercial break, primarily because these are publicly traded companies with an enormous stake in what goes on in the marketplace. What goes on in the marketplace drives the economy. As a result, they have used corporate interests, theirs especially, to determine what information is disseminated to the masses and what isn’t in order to massage the public mind into seeing the world in a very specific way. Their motives are predicated on a singular goal . . . . Maintaining the Economy at all costs, using the corporate scoreboard we call “the NY Stock Exchange,” otherwise known as “Wall Street” and a centralized banking system, as a barometer for how we’re doing.
Picture provide by infographic.com
So it is by design that we never hear any news even remotely related to the “Ecological or Environmental Health of our Planet.” But as is always the case with neglect, there are always unforeseen complications and consequences that come along with blind ambition.
And therein lies the problem. With the majority of society completely in the dark, things are going downhill, and they’re going downhill very quickly. The life-sustaining eco-systems of our planet are in a lot of trouble. How much trouble? Without exception, every eco-system and every life support system on the planet is in decline.
For decades, issues regarding the viability of the Earth’s life support systems have been percolating. Over the years, countless documentaries have been made and Environmental groups have been “screeeeeeeeaming” for the masses to wake up and “Save the Planet!!!!!!” But our apathy surrounding such concerns has created a new challenge. The challenge now is to save civilization itself and ourselves with it.
“A BROKEN ECONOMIC MODEL – CREATES A DYING PLANET”
Save civilization? Why does civilization need saving? One needs to understand what builds and maintains a civilization. Most would argue, “The Economy.” True, to a certain degree. But there is something far more important that sustains civilization and it’s not a monetary system or the economy. Truly.
But on the premise that an economy is what maintains civilization let’s ask, “what drives an economy?” Answer: Commerce – the exchange of money for goods and services within a given monetary system. And what promotes commerce? The buying and selling of goods and services. And what ensures the buying and selling of goods and services? “Obsolescence.”
Business and industry have made an art form out of NOT only meeting our needs but artificially creating them through a constant barrage of media venues encouraging us to do the one thing needed to power the economy . . . . . SHOP!!!!!!!!
Photo provided by Flicker.com
Modern Economics is a well-oiled machine, where we are inundated with advertising everywhere encouraging us to shop. But the system we’re a part of is predicated on the fundamental law that drives economics . . . . . the ability to keep selling. The way to ensure that it to manufacture everything we purchase so that it either breaks or is obsolete within a very short span of time.
Photo provided by http://www.lolpics.ws
So that there is always the need to buy more of it and to massage our psyche so that we will always want the “latest-greatest” of everything. Like a Pavlovian response, the mere mention of a new iPHONE causes many zealots of Apple’s technology to spontaneously salivate in anticipation of its launch . . . and when it is launched, hundreds, and in some cases even thousands, will wait in line for hours upon hours to purchase it, staving off for 12 more months their appetite for the next new toy.
This represents the height of our conditioning. It is the essence of our cultural programming. This cultural programming is what keeps the economy going, necessitating companies need to keep making more of everything, which ensures profits in the never-ending competition for market share.
But, this approach to economics is very short-sighted and cannibalistic in nature, because it is a “linear model” where resources are exploited to collapse by business and industry, that provide the masses with only “throw away products.” Resources are fashioned into a product with a limited functionality causing it to break or become obsolete in a very short period of time, with little of it being recycled. In other words . . . . . “We consume in a fashion that no other species does. We create waste, meaning we create and things with no utility after their initial use.” We are the only species on the planet that does this.
Photo provided by http://www.worldwildlife.org
This model is based only on “consumption” which creates waste on a catastrophic scale, while we devour the planet, consume its resources, and give little to nothing back, as opposed to a “circular or sustainable model” where what is produced is reusable or can be recycled back into the environment.
This linear model where resources become depleted over time is evident in our current standard of living. Over 65% of what we throw away and put out on the curb, can be recycled. Sadly, statistics show that only about 46% of Americans recycle. The numbers are far lower for the business sector which produces an amount of waste beyond one’s comprehension.
Photo provided by Annonymousartrevolution.com
This model of doing business is one in which we have essentially “high-jacked” the planet and stolen it from every “free-living” species for our own exploitation, while we destroy their habitats. Our neighborhoods have become ecological deserts, where countless species are displaced. Outside of my yard, I don’t see any flowers in my neighbor’s yards, and yet we wonder why honey bees are disappearing, neonictinoids (Roundup) aside. The bees have nothing left to pollinate.
“A CULTURE OF UN-NECESSARIES”
Here in the West perhaps more than any other country, a lifestyle of unnecessary spending has been deliberately cultivated and nurtured in the public by big business. We’ve in essence turned life into a “competitive money sport” where our feelings are externalized, where class and our sense of importance is tied to the acquisition of material possessions, preferably name-brand. We place a very low value on cooperation and caring for one another and glorify competition, dominance, and individualism.
We’ve been pitted against one another as individuals competing for jobs, as corporate entities fighting for market share, and as entire countries competing for resources. Because of this we accept things like war on a philosophical level. This misguided value system has allowed Companies in all kinds of industries with a huge stake in the public’s penchant for impulsive spending, to profiteer by promoting the idea that our happiness and our sense of importance in LIFE is something that can be bought or can be attained by achieving a certain standard of living. By externalizing our feelings we have been programmed to become compulsive shoppers …. And who doesn’t love shopping?????
With the economy always trumping ecological concerns, we’ve created a culture steeped in entertainment and instant gratification. Since protecting the planet isn’t very marketable just yet, we’re kept insulated and detached from the harsh reality of what our expanding civilization is doing to ecosystems the world over.
Photo provided http://www.politicalcartoons.com
SO WHAT ARE WE DOING TO OUR HOME?
I promised at the beginning of this writing that I’d provide a report card for the planet, by highlighting what are arguably the most pressing issues and the greatest threat to our continued survival on the planet. So let’s do just that by starting with our Climate.
There is no amount of time or writing I could devote to this subject that would do it justice in helping us to see our impact on the Earth’s Climate, but I am going to say this. The biggest culprit is not what you think it is…..and what is presented in the News is only half the story. Research shows that without using a drop of gas, oil, or fuel of any kind, ever again from this day forward that we would still exceed our maximum greenhouse gas carbon equivalent of 565 gigatons by the year 2030, without the energy sector even factoring into the equation, all by merely raising and eating livestock.
Despite being what is receiving all the press right now, carbon dioxide (CO2) is not the main culprit in global warming. The reason CO2 receives the most press because its presence in the atmosphere is much more persistent and longer lasting than Methane, but Methane, which traps 80 – 120 times more heat than CO2, is the main culprit in global warming.
If we reduce the number of methane emissions in the atmosphere, the levels go down fairly quickly, as will the global temperature, in decades, as opposed to CO2, where we really won’t see a signal in the atmosphere indicating an improvement for 150 years or so. Simply put, we don’t have that kind of time left. We as individuals have an enormous opportunity to curb global warming, with a simple lifestyle choice we make every day.
What if I told you, your diet is contributing to Global Warming more than any other contributing factor?
The single largest contributor of Methane to the atmosphere is an Industry that can be tied to almost every environmental problem known to civilization including: deforestation, excessive land use, water use and water scarcity, desertification (the process by which deserts are created), food scarcity, world hunger, poverty, the destabilization of entire populations, and on and on, can be directly tied to cattle farming and the meat industry. This industry is one that could single-handedly bring about our demise, and it is. It’s an environmental disaster that is being ignored by the very people who should be championing the cause to fix it, meaning our government and environmental groups but remain powerless because of the stranglehold the meat industry has on both of them. The lobbyists in Washington representing the meat industry’s interests have enormous monetary resources and make sure the public is kept entirely in the dark as to how this industry is procuring meat and how it operates. It’s an industry that is very corrupt, parasitic in nature and wrecking the planet.
Since this article is intended to be an overview of many environmental issues I’m not going to expound upon this. Instead, I’m going to suggest a movie that connects the dots and exposes ALL the devastating effects this incredibly abusive industry is doing to the planet. Directed by Kip Andersen and Keegan Kuhn, COWSPIRACY shows how this one industry is contributing to Climate Change more than the entire transportation sector, including cars, trucks, boats, planes, and trains combined. I highly recommend viewing this extremely informative movie.
Since CO2 gets so much fanfare, how does what we’re seeing today compare to what we’ve seen in the past? Simply put, we are witnessing the highest CO2 levels recorded in almost a million years. Now, since we live in a society of climate change deniers, with politicians and citizens repeating ad nauseum, “I’m no scientist,” as a manifesto to the climate experts to justify their ignorance on the subject matter and defiantly proclaim that we have no intent on changing any of our destructive behaviors, just to give that spike in CO2 perspective, consider the natural fluctuations of CO2 over the last 6 interglacial periods. The highest CO2 has ever been in the last 870,000 years is 290 ppm. Today we’re at 411 ppm and quickly heading to 500 ppm. There is nothing “NATURAL” about this kind of increase in C02. It is clearly anthropogenic. In other words, HUMAN.
Graph provided by http://globalclimate.ucr.edu/resources.html
Ice Core “Ancient-Atmospheric” Samples
And the story isn’t any better for Methane where we have witnessed a tremendous spike in atmospheric readings since the start of the “Industrial Revolution” in the 1800’s.
Graph provided by NOAA.org
Direct Measurement Atmospheric Samples
As the CO2 and Methane Levels have increased so have our global temperatures. The last 4 consecutive years have been the hottest global temperatures in recorded history with April, May, June, July, and August of 2014 being the 5 hottest months ever recorded.
Graphs provided by NOAA.org
Computer simulations, accounting for the continued projected CO2 and Methane emissions, show that the temperatures are going to continue to climb considerably over the next several decades, with an increase of 6-8F by the year 2050.
When CO2 reaches 450 ppm the polar ice sheets will go into irreversible retreat and melt completely which will account for a 216 ft. increase in sea level. This won’t happen overnight but by the year 2100 things will look quite different.
Picture provided by natgeo.com
Here in the states, the entire eastern seaboard would be underwater for 80 – 100 miles inland. In this scenario, New York City, Philadelphia, Hilton Head, Savannah, GA. and the entire state of Florida will disappear under water. New Orleans, Houston, and all the cities along the Gulf of Mexico will be under water by the year 2100.
On a bright note, everyone in New York City would have beachfront property…..
A ROOM WITH A VIEW
It was just announced by NASA in August of 2014, that “the West Antarctic ice sheet has gone into irreversible retreat. It has passed the point of no return.” Entering the sea and melting will account for a 3 – 5 ft. increase in sea level, and will displace over 10 million people worldwide living near river deltas where crops in the floodplains will see the intrusion of salt water, ultimately destroying the crops and making the land infertile.
Whether you believe that there is an anthropogenic or human contribution to climate change is ultimately irrelevant. The simple fact of the matter is, the world is heating up, and it’s doing so very quickly.
SO WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS OF A WARMER WORLD?
We need to look no further than the disappearance of fresh water in the Southwest United States. A few examples providing an eye-opening look at what is taking place include:
Butte County, CA 2011
Butte County, CA 2014
Orville Lake, Ca. 2011
Orville Lake, Ca. 2014
Bidwell Marina, CA 2011
Bidwell Marina, CA. 2014
Lake Mead, NV 2011
Lake Mead, CO. 2014
Lake Mead, CO. 2014
The reason these particular pictures strike a cord with me is because 3 years ago to the day, I was standing on the middle of the Hoosier Damn and at that time, the water level was covering the exposed shorelines in white. Today, the Colorado river that provides fresh water to southern Colorado, southern California, Arizona, and New Mexico, has dropped to 39% of it’s capacity, its lowest level in history vs where it was just 3 years ago due to Global Warming, drought, a lack of snowfall and rain in the Rocky Mountains
And just so you know this problem isn’t confined to the U.S., this is the Aral Sea lying between Kazakhstan in the north and Uzbekistan in the south.
Aral Sea from June 1977 – June 2009
What you’re seeing here is the disappearance of 1,279 sq miles of fresh water in 22 years. This is now a global problem and we are seeing the fastest disappearance of fresh water in history. Water has quite literally become the new CURRENCY of the WORLD. The United Nations and the Pentagon announced just in October that in the very near future we will be fighting “CLIMATE WARS” – wars for access to life-supporting resources that still remain on the planet. A good example of what is coming is the scenario that will soon be playing out in the United States, where the average citizen is completely unaware of how we are all connected in the global economy of our civilization.
Map provided by www.shangri-la-river-expeditions.com
In many agricultural regions around the world snow, believe it or not, is the primary source of irrigation and drinking water. As temperatures continue to rise, there is less and less precipitation in part of the world that rely heavily upon it. The greatest loss of precipitation and snow occurring, is in the Himalayas of the Tibetan Plateau. This is soon going to be catastrophic to large populaces in India and China that reside along the Indus, Ganges, Yangtze, and Yellow Rivers because of their heavy reliance on these glacier-fed rivers, where the snowmelt each year provides the water for irrigating crops in the spring and summer, that provide food for the masses.
Within 8-10 years China and India are facing debilitating water losses and subsequent water shortages. Water shortages always lead to food shortages.
Lester Brown writes in his book, WORLD ON THE EDGE:
“For Americans, the melting of the glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau would appear to be China’s problem. It is. But it is also everyone else’s problem. For U.S., consumers, this melting poses a nightmare scenario. If China enters the world market for massive quantities of grain, as it has already done for soybeans over the last decade, it will come to the United States – far and away the leading exporter.
The prospect of 1.3 billion Chinese with rapidly rising incomes, competing with American consumers for the U.S. grain harvest, and thus driving up food prices, is not an attractive one. In the 1970s, when tight world food supplies were generating unacceptable food price inflation in the United States, the government restricted grain exports. This is no longer an option where China is concerned.”
Each month starting in 2008, when the Treasury Department was auctioning off securities to cover the U.S. fiscal deficit, China was the biggest buyer, now holding over $1.2 trillion of U.S. debt and has essentially become the biggest banker for the United States. Whether we like it or not, very soon Americans will be competing with Chinese consumers for our food harvests.
Their loss is our loss.
As the availability of water and food diminishes in China, desperate for food, they will be able to outbid Americans for our own food. Unfortunately, the economy doesn’t pick favorites. In the global economy, the market sells to the highest bidder, irrespective of nationality or who is producing what in the marketplace.
The last thing I’m going to say about global warming and climate change is its devastating impact on agriculture.
Our ability to feed the growing population of the world, which is growing at an extraordinary rate of 232,000 people per day, is beginning to diminish rapidly because of increasing temperatures.
All life on the planet today is the product of tremendous adaptations made over eons of time in response to a whole host of environmental pressures, one of which is temperature. In all forms, Life exists within a very narrow range of temperatures, and agriculture (vegetative life) is no exemption. Plants, which evolved long before animal life, have the extraordinary ability to harness and utilize energy from the Sun to power a biochemical, enzymatic process of combining CO2 it pulls in from the atmosphere and combines it with water to produce carbohydrates. This process is called photosynthesis.
Of concern, is the fact that photosynthesis is rather dramatically affected by temperature. In a study conducted at Ohio State University, research revealed that photosynthetic activity in plants increases until the temperature reaches 68° F, where the rate photosynthesis levels out. At 95° though, photosynthesis in rice, wheat, corn, and barley begins to decline. At 104°F it ceases entirely. These are heat indexes that we are hitting every year leading to tremendous crop failures, and what really sucks about this is that one of the first things to go if we continue on this trajectory is my favorite thing:
And that’s just unacceptable….and yes, I will hold all of you responsible!!!
DOING ARE PART….
So what can we do about it?
- No other decision we make will have a bigger impact on Global Warming than simply minimizing or completely eliminating the intake up “RED MEAT” from our diet. . . . . which will minimize your contribution to increasing levels of methane to almost nothing. In addition, it will stop contributing to the most environmentally destructive industry on Earth by preventing further deforestation, desertification (from overgrazing lands), water shortages and water scarcity, food scarcity, hunger, poverty, displacement of human populations, and on and on.
- In the future cities will have to be developed around people walking or biking, instead of cars, which will dramatically reduce CO2 emissions and rising greenhouse gases.
- Rooftops will be turned into solar cells and gardens.
- Alternative forms of energy such as wind, solar, and geothermal sources can further reduce emissions dramatically. Until they become more prevalent, minimizing our electrical usage with energy-efficient light bulbs and appliances helps as does adjusting our thermostats to minimize energy usage.
- Rooftop solar water heating is a trend that is gaining tremendous momentum. U.S. installation of these systems has more than tripled since 2005.
- Reducing paper usage to preserve forests is going to preserve the balance in the CO2 and O2 exchange between the plant kingdom and us. This is a system of checks and balances that we cannot afford to destroy.
- One step that we can take to preserving trees is with respect to “Junk Mail.” The Environmental Protection Agency reports Americans as a whole receive close to five million tons of junk mail every year with the average American household receiving 20-25 pounds of junk mail a month.
- Catalog Choice is a non-profit group that offers a completely free service that has helped 1.3 million people opt out of receiving 19 million pieces of junk mail. Their website streamlines the opt-out process so you don’t have to contact companies yourself.
- On an individual level PLANTING TREES AROUND OUR HOUSE certainly, help minimize our impact on the environment. Every tree planted is one more removing CO2 buildup from the atmosphere.
- SHOPPING AT LOCAL FARMS OR GARDENING IN OUR OWN BACKYARDS dramatically diminishes our carbon or ecological footprint. This is because food sold in a grocery chain arrived there from vast distances and various locales often in other countries. They are often transported by plane, by boat, by train, and by trucks, all of which run on fossil fuels, which only serves to continue adding carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere.
We are currently removing approximately 1 acre (size of a football field) of rainforest every second of every day since 1940. To date, we’ve destroyed 60% of the world’s rainforests, 91% of which has been done to make room for Agri-business (the meat industry). This is problematic because the rainforests are literally the “lungs of the planet” removing CO2 from the atmosphere and releasing the very O2 that we breathe. They go, we go…
DOING OUR PART
- Reduce paper usage to preserve forests is going to preserve the balance in the CO2 and O2 exchange between the plant kingdom and us. This a system of checks and balances that we cannot afford to destroy.
- Deforest your mailbox. “Junk Mail.” Again, we can eliminate 20-25 pounds of junk mail a month by going to Catalog Choice – Their website streamlines the opt-out process so you don’t have to contact companies yourself.
- Get News and Magazines online and if you can get used to using a Kindle buy ebooks.
- Plant trees and flowers in your yard. Our cities and suburbs are turning into “ecological deserts,” with yards we don’t use.
- The declining number of bees in recent years has been unprecedented, with their numbers declining by 25% every year for the last 4 years. Making our yards an oasis of flowers for bees can help them make a comeback. THEY NEED OUR HELP!!!! “ Without bees, the human race will go extinct within 4 years.” – Albert Einstein
So let’s look at our Oceans. How are they doing? Today our oceans are in near collapse because of 3 things: Acidification of the Oceans, Overfishing, and the unimaginable amount of plastic in our oceans.
In looking at each of these, let’s start by looking at the ocean’s ph (percent hydrogen – ph is the measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a liquid). Because of the increasing levels of CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere, what we are seeing today is a catastrophic drop in the pH of the oceans due to the uptake of CO2. This process is driving the acidification of oceans as the CO2 combines with H2O to create carbonic acid.
Modeling demonstrates that if CO2 continues to be released on current trends, ocean average pH will reach 7.8 by the end of this century, corresponding to 0.5 units below the pre-industrial level, a pH level that has not been experienced for several millions of years (1). A change of 0.5 units might not sound as a very big change, but the pH scale is logarithmic meaning that such a change is equivalent to a three fold increase in H+ (acidic) concentration. All this is happening at a speed 100 times greater than has ever been observed during the geological past. This is very problematic because there are countless marine species, communities, and ecosystems that might not have the time to acclimate or adapt to these fast changes in ocean chemistry.
The effects of this process of acidification can already be seen as coral reefs are disappearing at an alarming rate. This demise of coral reefs will be especially costly to an innumerable number of aquatic species that feed off and live within the coral reefs. The loss of the coral reefs will expand to include the loss of many of marine species. Current estimates project that all the world’s coral reefs will be gone by the year 2023.
Further contributing to the rapid loss of marine species is COMMERCIAL FISHING. Simply put, this is an industry that is completely unsustainable. This is because Commercial Fishing is done using trawlers like the one pictured here.
The problem with this type of harvesting fish from the ocean is that for every 1 pound of fish caught, an average of 4 pounds of unintended marine species is caught in trawler nets and discarded as “by-catch” or “by-kill.”
This includes whales, dolphins, sharks, seals, rays, sea turtles, squid, jellyfish, etc.
As of today, 3/4th of the world fisheries have been exploited to total collapse. The remaining 25% of ocean fisheries are in near collapse and because of this approach to harvesting the oceans for fish, the oceans are expected to be devoid of harvested fish by 2042.
One of the single biggest environmental issues facing civilization is the devastating impact the waste we’re producing is having on the oceans. Approximately 100,000,000,000 tons of plastic is manufactured every year with the average American throwing away an average of 4 ½ pounds of plastic trash a day. Sadly, only 7% of all the plastic manufactured is being recycled. As for the other 93%? Most of it ends up in landfills, but approximately 4.7 billion tons of plastic finds its way to the ocean every year.
The perception of plastic as a benign, harmless product could not be any more of a misguided perception. Plastic is, quite literally, a bio-toxic material, and its presence in the ocean poses an enormous problem, not only for marine life but for us as well. It’s a little-known fact by most, but the issue with plastic is the plastic doesn’t biodegrade. Instead, it undergoes photodegradation, where UV-light, or photos of light cause the polymer chains that the plastics are made from the breakdown into smaller and smaller polymers. But these polymers, once manufactured, never go away. Let me make that clear. They never go away. As they break down, they produce long-term, persistent, toxic chemicals such as polychlorinated bi-phenols, dioxins, and mercury, that do not degrade in days, weeks or months, but rather over decades, centuries, or even millennia.
Every piece of plastic ever manufactured still exists today, whether it’s in your house, in a landfill, in the open environment, or in the ocean. As a result, the oceans are being turned into a toilet bowl of bio-toxic chemicals as a byproduct of plastic slowly dissolving into the oceans. We are literally “plasticizing” the oceans.
In 1997, oceanographer and racing boat Captain Charles More, made a startling and tragic discovery while returning to California from Hawaii. What he discovered was a tremendous aggregation of plastic trash floating in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. What is now known as the North Pacific Gyre, or more specifically the “North Pacific Garbage Patch,” is a convergence of plastic trash over an area half the size of the U.S. or twice the size of the U.S. depending on the size of the particulates being measured. It was this discovery that led to an entirely new perspective on our use of plastic and its detrimental effects on the planet’s ecosystems. More specifically, it created an entirely new concern with respect to the use of “single use” plastics.
The oceans are being turned into a toilet bowl of bio-toxic chemicals as a byproduct of plastic slowly dissolving into the oceans. We are literally “plasticizing” the oceans.
Today there are 5 Gyres or “garbage patches” that have formed in the oceans with the largest one being THE NORTH PACIFIC GYRE, which depending on the size of the plastic that is being measured ranges in size from twice the size of Texas to the size of the United States itself. In addition to the North Pacific Gyre, four others have been discovered in the South Pacific Ocean, the North Atlantic Ocean, the South Atlantic Ocean, and in the Indian Ocean.
The North Pacific Gyre is not an island of trash, but rather more like a soup of plastic confetti that’s very diffuse, this is confusing for the public to understand the threat this poses, because of the fact that we can’t really see most of it.
Despite the fact that there are environmental groups, think tanks, and scientist screaming with a sense of urgency to begin solving this problem, the prevailing mentality is, “if we can’t see it, it doesn’t really exist.” If in fact there was an island of trash that we could walk across there may be more of a public urgency to fix the problem. But when we see blue seas with very few pieces of actual physical debris, it tends to be very deceptive and lulls us to sleep, thinking the issue is nothing to be alarmed about. It’s unfortunate but that is in fact, the very surreptitious nature of the plastic problem. If we could just see all of the plastic we would probably be inclined to go out and begin cleaning it up.
How pervasive is the problem of Plastic in our OCEANS? To show how pervasive the problem of plastic has become in 2013, photographer Chris Jordan documented our debilitating effect on even the most remote ecosystem in the world, Midway Island (pictured below) which is 2100 miles from any inhabitable continent. What he discovered was nothing short of appalling.
What he found was shorelines covered in plastic items and countless birds carcasses with bellies full of plastic.
Pictures provided by Chris Jordan www.chrisjordan.com
Once inside the sea animals, the animal is doomed because plastic itself cannot be broken down and most of it cannot pass through the digestive tract of the animal. It is estimated that Midway Island accumulates approximately 20,000 lbs of plastic garbage every year…..
Because of plastic in our ocean, dozens of species are going extinct and disappearing from the planet forever because of us. We are right in the middle of the greatest die-off of species on the planet since the age of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, all as a by-product of our “civilization.” Plastic in the environment, especially in the oceans, has literally reached critical mass and if not addressed will be the catalyst in the extinction of countless marine and avian species.
These whales have a story to tell us . . . . .
Plastic Bags are by far and away the number 1 killer of marine wildlife and even if we don’t live near a shoreline, we’re all contributing to the problem.
The average American consumer will throw away approximately 500 plastic bags per year. As the artist above displays in dramatic fashion (no pun intended), that’s quite a number. While we like to think that they go to a landfill, and many do, wind currents still carry a number of them to waterways where it still finds it’s way to the ocean. Subsequently, it’s ingested by turtles and seabirds who mistake it for jellyfish which is the primary source of food for them. Approximately 100,000 Sea Turtles die every year from ingesting plastic.
With that said, consider some sobering facts about plastic bags . . . . .
- Over 1 trillion plastic bags are used every year worldwide.
- A single plastic bag can take up to 1,000 years to degrade. What’s scary about this fact is that once ingested, it does not break down. When the marine animal’s body decomposes, the bag is released, where it can then be consumed again, and the cycle repeat..
- More than 3.5 million tons of plastic bags, sacks and wraps were discarded in 2008.
- Only 1 in 200 plastic bags in the UK are recycled (BBC).
- The U.S. goes through 100 billion single-use plastic bags.
- Plastic bags are the second-most common type of ocean refuse, after cigarette butts (2008)
- Plastic bags remain toxic even after they break down.
- Every square mile of ocean has about 46,000 pieces of plastic floating in it.
Facts provided by http://www.reuseit.com
Dean Jordan PhD, Dean of Political Psychology, International University for Graduate Studies shared his thoughts regarding plastic by saying:
“Plastic now runs our lives . . . . We’ve always been told that if we would just recycle and throw trash away responsibly, everything will be okay. The lie that is built into that, is the fact that there is no place called “AWAY.” There is no place to really throw things away. Litter isn’t the issue. The issue is the manufacturing and use of plastics in the first place and the fact that this stuff doesn’t degrade. It doesn’t go AWAY.
What kind of egotism is it that we have as a society, that we’re willing to use something once, for five minutes, and then turn around and simply throw it into this magical place called “AWAY.” It is going to here long after we are all gone, and even much longer than when are great, great, great, grandchildren are gone, and all the while it will only continue to degrade into toxins and pollution that will continue to harm the environment, harm us, and harm our children for generations to come.”
The single action of choosing to dispose of plastic properly could save countless animals lives, including our own. If we see garbage on the ground and choose to walk past it, the very act of picking up that plastic bottle or plastic item could make all the difference in the world. The reality is, we are always at choice. Just recycling plastic is no longer enough. We’re allowed to ask for biodegradable paper products. We’re allowed to say no to the Styrofoam cup. We’re allowed to say no to plastic cups and bottles. We’re allowed to say no to the plastic grocery bag, and on and on.
The choice is yours . . . . . . Prevention is the key.
In a story that only karma could write, our nativity regarding our relationship with and abuse to the planet has come full circle with serious consequences for us and our children, that is rapidly bringing a close to our time left on the planet.
DOING OUR PART
RECYCLING IS NOT ENOUGH!!!!
- How can we expect any company, whose main product and therefore profit involves the production of plastic bottles, whether for water, soft drinks, alcohol, cleaning product, etc. to claim that they are for the environment when in fact they are the leading source of the problem?
- REFUSE TO USE ANY PLASTIC BAGS!!!!
- STOP PURCHASING PLASTIC WATER BOTTLES!!!! Instead, use reusable water bottles. Companies like BRITA and BOBBLE make reusable water bottles with carbon filters for drinking pure filtered water. Each filter can filter the equivalent of 300-350 water bottles.
- AVOID THE USE OF ANY TOOTHPASTE, GEL, FACIAL WASH, OR BODY SCRUB CONTAINING PLASTIC “MICRO BEADS!!!!”
- AVOID THE USE OF POLYSTYRENE (OTHERWISE KNOWN AS STYROFOAM)
WHEN SHOPPING!!!! Bring your own bags with you. Whether shopping at the grocery store or shopping at the MALL, bringing your own bags prevents plastic from ever having a chance of finding its way back into the environment.
- WHEN SHIPPING!!!! USE “ECO-FRIENDLY” BIO-DEGRADABLE (VEGETABLE BASED) PACKAGING PEANUTS AND OTHER PACKAGING MATERIALS. These are packaging materials made of starch, that to dispose of can simply have water added to them, where they dissolve entirely and pose no threat to the environment.
Ultimately the choice is ours!
Next up in our purveying of civilization’s gallery of destructiveness is Fukushima. This is a disaster of unfathomable proportions.
Following a major earthquake, a 15 meter (45 ft.) tsunami disabled the power supply and cooling of three Fukushima nuclear reactors, causing a nuclear meltdown accident on March 11th, 2011.
The devastating effects to the reactor structure were initially well reported in all forms of media across the world, but the disaster was downplayed by TEPCO. We were told there were “partial” meltdowns, we now know that they were each a 100% core meltdown. All three cores largely melted in the first three days.
In order of magnitude, this disaster is many times that of Chernobyl, especially because fixing the problem is the problem!!!! There is absolutely no protocol, no strategy in place to deal with this catastrophe. Nowhere is there any literature or instructions on how to fix this issue. They are literally making it up as they go along and continue to, to this day.
At the time of the initial disaster 300 tons (600,000 lbs.) of water was filtering through the site daily and seeping directly into the seawater and has been doing so for the last three and a half years unabated. Ground water underneath the damaged infrastructure, continues to be contaminated with many different radioactive compounds such as radioactive hydrogen, tritium, cesium 134, cesium 137, and strontium. A veritable cornucopia of radioactive elements.
Workers have been pumping this water out, at a rate of 400 tons each day, and storing it in hastily constructed steel tanks on the site.
There are now more than 1060 tanks and the ‘tank farm’ now dwarfs the original nuclear plant in size. Because of their poor construction, the concern is that another earthquake with a magnitude of 6 or more will more than likely rupture every tank releasing millions of tons of highly radioactive laced water into the ocean. This is a compounding problem. As the radiation seeps into the sea, algae absorb and concentrate the radioactive elements 100’s of times. Crustaceans concentrate them 100’s of times. Fish who feed on the corals concentrate it 100’s of times, where they are consumed by larger fish that concentrate it even more. Since we sit at the apex of the food chain, by the time we eat the fish at the top of the aquatic food chain, we are ingesting radioactive elements that have been concentrated by tens of thousands of times versus those radioactive elements free-floating in the open ocean.
Within days of the incident, nuclear radiation and radioactive isotopes were measurable, and not in insignificant proportions, in the rainfall here in the United States. In addition, ocean currents are now carrying the radioactive waste to our shorelines, and the fish we are harvesting from the Pacific are loaded with Cesium 137 in their tissues. These radioactive isotopes decay over hundreds of thousands of years and will continue to contaminate the food chain for as long. All of these radioactive isotopes cause cancer.
German scientists constructed a computer simulation model monitoring the levels of pollution in the Pacific Ocean alone. They show that the entire Pacific Ocean will be polluted with radioactive material by 2017.
The issue in fixing the problem is that core reactor #4 contains more than 1,500 fuel rods that are under 30 meters (90 ft.) of water in a severely damaged building above ground.
The amount of radiation in each of the 1,500 contains approximately 14,000 times that of the Hiroshima bomb. These need to be removed from the fuel pool because in the event that there is another major earthquake and the building goes down, all those fuel rods will be exposed to the air and will start burning, releasing an immeasurable about of radiation that at the very least would be 10x’s the amount of radiation released at Chernobyl. This radiation would pollute all of Japan and most of the Northern Hemisphere.
The rods need to be removed and contained, but the only plausible plan for removing them is to use a crane to delicately lift them out of the cooling pool. This is normally done using computers with only millimeters to spare. If the fuel rods touch, criticality could be reached resulting in another core meltdown. Nothing like this has ever been attempted, and if the rods touch all of humanity will be threatened for thousands of years.
I wish I had a “DOING OUR PART” addition to this section but there really isn’t anything “we” can do. This one lies beyond our reach. The one addendum I will add is to ask where your fish from when purchasing it, whether out or at the grocery store. Purchasing fish from the Atlantic may be a consideration.
Without soil, no life could exist on LAND. Soil is the fundamental resource for sustaining life, and a precious resource at that, considering that it takes approximately 500 years to produce just one inch of soil. I’ve found over the years that few people know the difference between soil and dirt. To understand the quality of the food we’re eating, we need to understand this fundamental difference.
This is what SOIL looks like. It’s rich and fertile teeming with life and with biologically active nutrients and minerals. It’s literally a living organism.
This is what DIRT looks like. Dirt in contrast to Soil is mineral, devoid of LIFE.
Back in the late 1930’s the chemical company DuPont sold the idea that chemistry was better for agriculture than the natural forces that had always governed plant life on the planet. They referred to this as “Better Living Through Chemistry.” Today we now know better. Industrial agriculture through chemistry has literally killed the soil and every year continues to.
Today our crops are grown in dirt, not soil which is why it requires such heavy supplementation with commercial fertilizers. We are told by the corporate killers like MONSANTO that commercial agriculture is the only way to feed the growing population. But after 30 years of collected data, we now know that the natural processes at work in nature are not something we can improve upon. These processes have developed over millions of years and are by far and away the most efficient way to create the greatest agricultural-yields and feed the masses.
Organic farming, using cover crops at the end of each season returns detritus and biological actives back into the soil that can produce 2-10x’s the agricultural yields of commercial petroleum-based agriculture.
Today, commercial agriculture has become almost entirely dependent on artificial, petroleum-based fertilizers, toxic pesticides, and GMO’s to maintain their yields. This is an industry that has literally been hijacked by companies like MONSANTO who have developed patents on seeds that can only be grown once in to make commercial farmers completely dependent on them in order to grow anything. With the coercion of our government and MONSANTO leaders running our Department of Agriculture, legislation has been put in place to make it against the law for farmers to keep seeds and forces them to only grow with genetically modified seed, the health effects of which are well documented and have been connected with diabetes, countless cancers, and several other diseases. To learn more about our food industry and GMO’s I highly encourage viewing several documentary films such as FOOD, INC., GMO’s OMG, and SYMPHONY OF SOIL……
Beyond becoming the world’s biggest science experiment, the issue with commercial agriculture is that it pollutes our water tables and ground water with pesticides and fertilizers that enter our rivers and ultimately feed the oceans with poisonous chemicals.
This is because only 10-15% of the fertilizers dumped on the soils are actually utilized by the plants themselves. As much as 85% – 90% of the fertilizers used to support these crops end up in the water table eventually finding its way to streams, tributaries, rivers, and ultimately to the oceans where they are toxic to aquatic life. As of today, 270+ dead zones have been discovered in the oceans and are directly related to Agricultural Runoff.
DOING OUR PART
So what can we do about it?
- If at all possible, I cannot urge you enough to buy organics, for your health, for the health of the planet, and the health of every living thing on our planet.
- Shop at your local FARMER’S MARKET or Finley Market downtown, and support your local farmers.
- As a society we have got to take accountability for what we are doing to the planet. A good first step is weaning ourselves off of commercial agriculture, and corporate groceries stores. Support local organic farming.
- And if you’re slightly more daring, grow your own garden.
Not only is it good for our local economy but it reduces our carbon footprint to almost zero and it’s a legacy we can leave our children. We get back to being self-sustaining.
RESTORING OUR PLANET
SOCROTES once said, “people get the government, they deserve.”
I’m going to extend that concept by saying“ people get the government, the society, and the world they deserve.” We can fight with the politicians. We can fight with the corporations. We can march in the streets with banners and have clean up rock campaigns with the hopes of changing the world. But the bottom line is, the world will never change until we as individuals change.
Mahatma Ghandi once said, “Be the change you want to see in the world.”
The very corporations and the very governments we march against are the very corporations and the very government that we vote for each and every day with the choices we make. Every dollar we spend we are voting for the world the way it is.
The lifeblood of each and every corporation, bank, and government, is money. We have it, and they want. These entities are merely a leviathan we’ve created through complacency, convenience, and in choosing to continue support them. The only power corporations have over us is the power we give them by choosing their products and services. If collectively we chose to stop buying bottled water and using plastic bags they would have no choice but to discontinue manufacturing them. If we do not like what a bank is doing with our money, simply pull your money out and move it elsewhere.
The collective action of 314 million Americans is more than any government policy could ever hope to implement, change, or influence. And today we are stepping into the essence, the power, and magnitude of who we truly are and what we value. No one wants to look into the mirror and admit to themselves that they are the problem because ultimately that would require us to look at the consequences of what it is we each have done in taking the future away from our children.
And it is being taken away!
Hope lies in the fact that there is a spiritual awakening occurring in small pockets of humanity, where individuals and small groups are truly beginning to reconnect with nature. People are slowly beginning to rediscover our relationship with the natural world.
What we are finally starting to realize is that there is no one steering the ship, there are no leaders moving us in a positive direction, and they’re certainly not to be found in Washington D.C. or in the corporate entities on Wall Street. There are small pockets of heroes choosing to champion the cause of protecting the planet from our continued neglect,
We cannot continue blaming society for all the ills we are now confronting. Now is the time for each of us to step into the essence of who we are and the world we’ve created. Now is the time to restore our relationship with ourselves, with each other, and with the earth. Now is the time to begin speaking out for life. For the ecology of the planet, not the economy! It’s time to become advocates and heroes for Earth.
So how do we go about the task of restoring the planet?
By first realizing that in killing our ecosystems we are ultimately cannibalizing the planet that provides for us and bringing about our own demise and every other species. Recognizing that fact first, choose to begin Reducing, Reusing, Recycling, Refusing, and our independence from our dependence on corporations and blind submission to corporate interests. If society continues with a “business as usual” approach to industry and business, doing tomorrow what it is we have always done up until this point, nothing will change with respect to the global ecological forecasts.
Dramatic changes are going to be required of each of us . . . but the single biggest impact we can have in saving both civilization and the natural world is educating our children, teaching them to have a reverence for the Earth and its life support systems. This is the only way our children will have a viable planet left to inherit.
It’s our world. We can each make a difference, starting today . . .
Love and Light to you in your continued journey of discovery,
Image Credit: Tyrone Siu/Reuters
“We are living on the planet as if we have another one to go to.” – Terry Swearingen
Our planet is a beautiful one, but it’s ecological integrity and sustainability has reached a tipping point. Civilization is on an irrational and deadly course, and this course has now become a crisis.
Our planet has never needed protection before and life has always flourished on its own. But today, we are now facing a number of threats as a byproduct of the advancement of our civilization that is now threatening the viability of every species on Earth. Today, every living system on earth is in decline. The world and its resources are now being cannibalized by the most dominant species on the planet.
In the last 250 years since the Industrial Revolution began, the explosive growth of business and industry has not come without an extraordinary cost to the integrity of the planet and countless ecosystems. Despite the disparaging lack of exposure in mainstream media, man’s impact on the planet has been and continues to be nothing short of disastrous.
Today, a whole host of problems are now threatening our long-term survival on the planet and our children’s future. Unfortunately, we are facing a number of crises that are mounting in complexity and in scope, the cumulative effect of which may have already created insurmountable odds where the hope of reversing these trends and protecting our children’s future is dwindling.
With our growing population and the advancement of our civilization, the economy slowly gained precedence over the reflection upon how we’re impacting the Natural world. As a collective consciousness reflecting societal values, it has become more important than the ecology of the planet.
In our relentless pursuit to compete in the marketplace, industry has been driven to create more and more conveniences for us, which has created a “throw-away society.” That terminology, which could almost be regarded as trite and passé, is an oversimplification of the dangers posed by our most prevalent waste material . . . . . . plastic.
The convenience and cost effectiveness of plastic has lead to its use in just about every aspect of our lives, but its benefits are easily dwarfed by the very disturbing and life-threatening consequence of its use. By “life-threatening” I mean threatening to all life, NOT just humans. Because of a lack of media exposure, the masses remain completely unaware in their understanding of how our collective actions are literally creating a biochemically toxic planet. As a byproduct of our consumption-based lifestyle, pollution and waste has become a devastating consequence of our choices and is now endangering the future of not only ourselves but truly every species on the planet.
By far and away, the single biggest pollutant society creates is “Single Use Plastics!!!!” By single use, we mean plastic that has a utility confined to one single use and is then discarded. Things like: Ziplock bags, Saran Wrap, plastic grocery bags, bottled water, shampoo bottles, cosmetics, and more. Since these are products everyone purchases, no one is exempt, we’re ALL contributing to the problem.
Living in the mid-west, many absolve themselves of any culpability in contributing to the problem, by believing that because of our lack of proximity to the oceans, we can’t possibly be contributing to the decline of the oceans or the environment as a whole. It’s a sad commentary but nothing could be further from the truth. Isolating the use of just one such “single-use plastic,” such as plastic grocery bags, one can easily begin to see that even those of us at a great distance from the oceans are still part of the problem.
With less than 40% of Americans recycling, most plastic grocery bags unfortunately, end up in a landfill where wind currents and breezes lift the plastic bags from the mass of garbage and carry them into the canopy of surrounding trees, litter our highways and surrounding forests, and choke waterways where they begin their long journey to the oceans.
This is but one example of how “single-use plastics” are leading to the degradation and decline of our oceans. Countless examples could be given but our impact will become very evident later in this writing.
Approximately 280 – 300,000,000 metric tons of plastic is manufactured every year with the average American throwing away approximately 4 ½ pounds of plastic trash a day.
Sadly, only 7% of all the plastic manufactured is being recycled. As for the other 93%? Most of it ends up in landfills, but approximately 8 million metric tons of plastic finds its way to the ocean every year. 
Do to a lack of media coverage, the accumulation of plastic in the oceans is a far bigger problem than most are aware of, because these are extremely long-term, very persistent, deadly, toxic chemicals that do not degrade in days, weeks, or months, but rather over decades, centuries, or even millennia.
Every piece of plastic ever manufactured still exists today, whether it’s in your house, in a landfill, in the open environment, or in the ocean. This is because the chemical polymers they are manufactured from and consist of never go away. Let me repeat that. The polymers they are made of NEVER GO AWAY!!!! Plastic is a substance the planet simply cannot digest or recycle back into the environment.
Because of advances in civil engineering and planning, man has almost completely divorced himself from the natural world, as is evidenced by society and industry’s misunderstanding and disregard for what is in best interests of the environment which provide for us and every living thing. As technology has evolved it has served to subrogate us from a deep spiritual knowledge possessed by the ancients, that saw their divine connection with the natural world and the entire cosmos. We once saw ourselves as woven out of and into the very fabric of the universe itself, but to a very large degree, we’ve lost this connection to the Earth and the Cosmos.
What was lost was an ancient spiritual knowledge and understanding that life is only passing through us from the past into the future. We are merely vessels temporarily “housing” life. Unfortunately, as this knowledge was abandoned we it replaced it with the perverted ideology of materialism and consumption, along with the idea that we only live one life and disappear.
This mindset, firmly in place, has created a society that is predicated largely on entertainment, consumerism, conveniences, and an egocentric perspective of life, where we are oftentimes detached from the consequences of our actions. As a result, with the advancement of technology, making our lives easier and easier, our most sacred responsibility of preparing the way for future generations has been abandoned. The care taken by nurturing and protecting the planet we live on as an endowment for those that come behind us has been superseded by a narrowing focus on our lives in the “here and now” with little regard for the environment or consideration for what we’re leaving our children to inherit.
THE CONSEQUENCE OF NEGLECT . . . .
In 1997, oceanographer and racing boat Captain Charles Moore, made a startling and tragic discovery while returning to California from Hawaii. What he discovered was a tremendous aggregation of plastic trash floating in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. What is now known as the North Pacific Gyre (pronounced – jī(ə)r), or more specifically the “North Pacific Garbage Patch,” is a convergence of plastic trash over an area half the size of the U.S. or twice the size of the U.S. depending on the size of the particulates being measured.
It was this discovery that led to an entirely new perspective on our use of plastic and its detrimental effects on the planet’s ecosystems. More specifically, it created an entirely new concern with respect to the use of “single use” plastics. Astonished by what he saw, Capt. Moore has made saving the oceans his life’s work ever since. Shortly after his discovery, he and a team of scientists returned to this ocean desert to begin conducting research on its origins and the now well-documented hazardous effects of its degradation.
AN ISLAND OF TRASH?
Reading this, one may envision an island of trash floating in the ocean. If only we were so fortunate! That statement might sound a bit sarcastic, but at least if it was an island of trash and debris, containing what is becoming the biggest ecological disaster and biohazard in human history, it would be something that we could at least go out and clean up. Unfortunately, it’s not that simple of an issue. The problem is far worse.
Imagine a substance that can never ever disappear but only break down into smaller and smaller particulates till it becomes so fine and infinitesimally small that it simply creates an almost invisible mesh that is diffused throughout every square inch of the top 100 meters of ocean water and you’re starting to get the picture. The oceans are being turned into a toilet bowl of bio-toxic chemicals as a byproduct of plastic slowly dissolving into the oceans. We are quite literally, slowly “plasticizing” the oceans.
To help create a picture of our ocean gyres where the plastic is accumulating, it is important to note, this trash is not like an island of debris with items touching one another. To the contrary! Although there are aggregates where fishing nets and garbage have collected, it’s more like a slimy, gelatinous, plastic soup, where the plastic has dissolved in the water to the extent that it is now a chemically rich, toxic film that floats near the surface with particulates of plastic of various sizes in it. This mass of plastic constitutes approximately 50% of the trash that has converged here. The other 50% sinks and is at the bottom of the ocean.
Above: Trawler Samples from the Pacific Gyre
The North Pacific Gyre is an enormous expanse of ocean and represents the largest climatic system on Earth. It is a circulation of currents that is roughly the size and area of Africa, or 10,000,000 sq. miles, and the currents along it’s periphery take approximately six years to complete one cycle.  As a result of these enormous circular currents, garbage and more specifically plastics have aggregated into 2 very distinct patches – the Eastern Garbage Patch and the Western Garbage Patch.
Map provided by NOAA at www.marinedebris.noaa.gov/info/patch.html
In addition to the North Pacific Gyre a total of five Gyres have been discovered in the world’s oceans all of which are seeing enormous aggregates of garbage and plastic accumulating in them.
Map provided by 5 Gyres at www.5gyres.org
The consequence of this garbage in the ocean is devastating to aquatic life and represents a greater, long-term, biohazard than even the worst oil spill in history.
The hazardous nature of plastic is because the decomposition of plastic, depending on the type, can take between 20 – 1000 years for its physical composition to decompose into the individual micro-polymers it is made up of. Complicating the issue is the way plastic decomposes. Plastic is not “bio”-degradable. It is not devoured by bacteria, mold, or fungi like organic matter is. Plastics, viewed at the level of its chemical bonds, are polymer chains (multiple links) created from monomer (single) hydrocarbon molecules that degrade through a process referred to as “photo-degradation,” a process in which the absorption of light, or more specifically, photons of light cause a chain or matrix of molecules to break apart. Ultraviolet light weakens the polymer chains until they break, which is why we see the confetti-like microplastics found in the ocean. Each break in these chains causes the release of hazardous, bio-toxic chemicals such as dioxins, mercury, and Polychlorinated Biphenyls or PCB’s.
As the plastic degrades into smaller and smaller polymers, this “confetti” becomes “neustonic,” meaning it is now “bio-available” to sea animals, or small enough to be ingested, and can enter the digestive tract of sea animals that eat it.
The images below illustrate how small these plastic particulates, known as “micro-plastic,” can be. Without exception, these microplastics can be found on every shoreline worldwide and are so small that they are virtually indistinguishable from the granules of sand themselves. By simply taking a handful of sand and dumping it into a bucket of water, one will see the sand (which is essentially natural glass) sink to the bottom and the tiny pieces of plastic confetti float to the surface. Recently, microplastics have even been found in sea ice at the poles according to the UNEP. Sadly, their presence is very pervasive.
But not all of these microplastics are the end product of photodegradation. In the last decade, numerous companies jumped on the bandwagon touting the benefits of the tiny polymer microbeads as “polishing agents” or “exfoliating agents” in their toothpaste, gels, facial soaps, and body scrubs. What makes these so problematic is the fact that most municipal water systems aren’t equipped to remove or filter these microbeads out of the water so they end up in our streams, rivers, and oceans, having devastating effects on aquatic life.
Compounding the problem is the presence of “micro-fibers” that end up in our waterways, marine ecosystems, and ultimately our oceans, as our clothes, made of synthetic fibers such as acrylic and nylon breakdown in our washing machines. By sampling wastewater from domestic washing machines, ecologist Mark Brown estimated that around 1,900 individual fibers can be rinsed off a single synthetic garment – ending up in our oceans. 
Following his research, Mark Brown shared his findings with the largest outdoor apparel companies that are big purveyors of synthetic plastics, looking for their support in changing industry standards with the hopes of producing more durable materials that would produce fewer microplastics. He approached companies like Patagonia, NIKE, and Polartec, but none of these companies agreed to lend their support.
And that brings us to the problem: Eventually, all these polymers break into pieces so small that they are invisible to the naked eye (thus the film on the surface of the water and translucent or opaque appearance throughout the water to various depths) but are never truly gone. They’ve simply degraded to the microscopic level, but are very toxic and profoundly more hazardous to the environment and to every species, including us. With no government or legal protocols governing the manufacture of such products in place, the burden falls to us as consumers to make better choices when choosing what products to purchase and to avoid the purchase of these kinds of products.
SO HOW DOES THIS EFFECT US?
Most of the plastic in the gyre is roughly the same size as krill and plankton that sea animals feed upon, so it is very common for it to be mistaken as a food source and ingested. Because of its toxicity, the ratio of plastic to plankton is a very important ratio to keep track of in taking measurements of this particular debris in the ocean.
In the span of 10 years, with the first samples being taken in 1999 by Captain Charles Moore and a team of researchers, and the last samples being taken in the year 2009, the ratio of plastic to plankton went from a 6:1 ratio to a 36:1 ratio. The bioavailability of this plastic to sea animals is now six times what it was just 10 years ago, and sadly, this trend is not abating. Currently, of the 8 million tons of trash that are going into our oceans every year, 80% of this trash is coming from land and the other 20% coming from ships and platforms in the ocean such as oil drilling platforms and cruise-liners. In an interview with Fresh Air’s Terry Gross and Edward Humes, author of Garbology, “the weight of plastic finding its way into the sea each year is estimated to be equivalent to the weight of 40 aircraft carriers.” 
If the threat was only to sea creatures, that would be bad enough. But now, the threat is to all of us and our children.
In a story that only karma could write, the plastic we manufacture, purchase, and have grown accustomed to carelessly throwing away, is the very plastic creating a whole myriad of previously unforeseen and soon to be dire consequences for us.
Once degrading to the molecular level, the plastic ingested by fish and sea animals is absorbed into their bloodstream and tissues. This is where the insidious nature of plastic’s slow and unique demise of breaking down into smaller and smaller polymers, combined with our throwaway mentality, comes full circle. In what could be seen as almost an “act of justice” for our complete disregard for the environment, is now jeopardizing our long-term survival as a species on this planet.
Studies performed at the University of California – Santa Barbara, revealed the unthinkable. Devastating to consider, these studies have now found that these microscopic polymers once ingested diffuse into the tissues of fish and other animals where they can remain for months and can accumulate in the blood cells themselves. The problem with this is that the plastic contains persistent biochemically toxic concentrations, approximately 1,000,000 times greater than that found in seawater. 
Ultimately, these sea animals that are part of our food chain are now serving as a vector, in a negative feedback loop for humans, allowing these bio-toxins to be absorbed by humans ingesting them. These microscopic particles of plastic cannot be cooked out of the meat. Most disturbing about this finding is that prior to recent studies; experts believed that it would be impossible for plastic to be passed from species to species and find its way up the food chain. To the surprise of the researchers, not only did we find it was possible, but what we discovered was that as the polymers became smaller and smaller the more the rate of transfer from one species to the next increased. In other words, the smaller the polymers become the more they are absorbed and the more hazardous they become, infecting each species as it consumes the other.
In a study done in Singapore, scientists purchased fish in every single market in order to study the possibility of plastic being passed through the food chain. What their research uncovered was devastating. In every fish they sampled they found dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls, which are used in plastic manufacturing. It is also found in the lining of canned food as an epoxy and a rust inhibitor which is leaching into the canned food itself and has serious health effects. It is an endocrine disruptor and can change hormone levels in people. Beyond that, they have also been tied to heart disease.
The reason we are seeing so many plastics in the oceans is that of our “Culture of Convenience,” which utilizes single-use plastics for everything. Single use plastic is fantastic from an economic standpoint because their use warrants the need to always make more. More plastic, more money! But from an ecological standpoint, this approach to business is a system that is horribly flawed and inherently unsustainable. We cannot continue taking from a finite system and expect it to keep producing for us forever, while we’re using plastic items for a few minutes and then throwing them away.
AN INVISIBLE CONCERN
Walking along our beaches worldwide where more and more plastic is washing up every single year, one may be convinced, living in our own garbage is something we have just come to except. As mentioned earlier, because the North Pacific Gyre is not an island of trash, but rather more like a soup of plastic confetti that’s very diffuse, this is confusing for the public to understand the threat this poses, because of the fact that we can’t really see most of it. Despite the fact that there are environmental groups, think tanks, and scientist screaming with a sense of urgency to begin solving this problem, the prevailing mentality is, “if we can’t see it, it doesn’t really exist.”
If in fact there was an island of trash that we could walk across there may be more of a public urgency to fix the problem. But when we see blue seas with very few pieces of actual physical debris, it tends to be very deceptive and lulls us into a state of apathy, thinking the issue is nothing to be alarmed about.
It’s unfortunate but that is, in fact, the very surreptitious nature of the plastic problem. If we could just see all of the plastic we would probably be inclined to go out and begin cleaning it up. What is invisible to the naked eye is where the real problem exists.
Using a plankton net trawler, to sift through the ocean water in order to obtain samples, what researchers have discovered is very alarming. Over 500 samples have been taken throughout the five gyres around the globe and of all of those samples, only two came back with no plastic in them. This is a globally pervasive problem in which our entire oceans are becoming infused with plastic.
Plankton Net Trawlers
IMPACT ON MARINE LIFE
As a result of our use and subsequent discarding of plastics, over 350,000 marine mammals are killed each and every year by either eating plastic or by becoming entangled in it, including dolphins, whales, sea lions, seals, along with countless species of fish.
“Despite appearances, this is not designer beachwear for aquatic animals!”
Approximately 100,000 sea turtles are killed every year by attempting to ingest plastic bags which are mistaken for their main source of food, jellyfish, and over 1.2 million sea birds die every year from ingesting plastic. 
Photo provided by National Geographic at www.tommtaylor.wordpress.com/2010/11/03/digital-image-creation
Over 1,000,000 seabirds die annually from ingesting plastic.
Currently, 663 Species of sea animals (2/3rd’s of aquatic life) have been identified as being adversely affected by the presence of plastic in our oceans. But in truth, every organism in the ocean is affected by the presence of this plastic, in every depth of the ocean. We are finding microplastic in krill and all the way up through the food chain in the bellies of fish, seals, whales, and seabirds.
Plastic has truly become the deadliest predator in the oceans.
Images provide by ENV at www.tomnotman.com
To illustrate this point, in January of this year, a Pilot whale washed up on the beach in Lanai, Hawaii. The whale was completely intact but somehow its stomach had come out of its body and was lying on the sand. In opening the stomach, they discovered the whale had ingested over 20 lbs. of plastic.
A sperm whale washed up on the shores of Spain and a necropsy was performed in order to determine what caused its death. Beyond belief, scientists discovered over 400 pounds of plastic in its belly. 
Photo provided by Inquisitr at www.inquisitr.com/561291/whale-death-caused-by-eating-plastic
Once inside the sea animals, the animal is doomed because plastic itself cannot be broken down and most of it cannot pass through the digestive tract of the animal.
Dozens of species are going extinct and disappearing from the planet forever because of us. Today we are currently seeing the greatest die-off of species on the planet since the age of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. Plastic in the environment has literally reached a tipping point and if not addressed will be the catalyst in the extinction of countless sea species.
To show how pervasive the problem of plastic has become, in 2013 photographer Chris Jordan documented our debilitating effect on even the most remote ecosystem in the world, Midway Island. What he discovered was nothing short of appalling. In Seabirds on the island of Midway, more than 2,000 miles away from any inhabitable continent, he found shorelines covered in plastic items and countless birds carcasses with bellies full of plastic.
How much plastic is out there? It’s astounding! Over 20,000 tons of plastic debris washes up on Midway Island every year, with 5,000 tons of debris being fed by mothers to their chicks. As a result, 1/3rd of these chicks will die of plastic ingestion before ever reaching adulthood. To view a four-minute trailer for his movie, click on the link provided here.
By the year 2050 society is going to add an additional 33 billion tons of plastic to the oceans.  To say this is problematic would be an understatement because as for now, we still are not entirely sure where even half of the plastic goes, which is approximately 15 billion tons of plastic unaccounted for.
Marine Biologist Dr. Andrea Neal, studied what happens when microbes come in contact with plastic polymers and waste debris in our oceans, as well as studying the degradation rate and effects of these polymers breaking down in the oceans.
UV light interacting with these polymers changes the surface charge of the polymers, making them a favorable environment for microbial life. Even more insidious than this, is the fact that the UV light changes the actual structure of the carbon groups in these polymers.
“Because we get about 98% of our carbon from dissolved carbon in ocean water if we are changing the structure of carbon at its most basic level and we are in fact changing the very building blocks of life itself. Because the oceans are so vast, the tendency is to believe that they are somewhat impervious to the effects of our neglect. Contrary to popular belief, studies have shown that the oceans are in fact an incredibly delicate and fragile system. The smallest changes in temperature can affect the ocean’s conveyor belt, the smallest changes in the chemistry or pH of the ocean can kill massive numbers of species.
For example, studies recently discovered that the sunscreen people wear into the ocean have killed off entire coral reefs. With respect to Global Warming, we have changed the temperature of the ocean so dramatically since the birth of the Industrial Revolution that now over 50% of the world’s coral reef ecology has disappeared.”
Dr. Andrea Neal, CEO of Blue Ocean Sciences 
OUR DYING OCEANS
Oceans today are on the brink. They are suffering from so many stressors, that we have begun to see their decline to such an extent that the demise of the oceans as a life support system is becoming inevitable. Samples taken every day of the ocean reveal an entire menagerie of issues we must now confront, including increased acidification of the oceans, radioactive waste and radioactive heavy metals still leaking into the ocean from Japan’s crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant since March 11th 2011, oil spills, radar, and most pronounced and pervasive, is PLASTIC!
Photo provided by KUWAITIFUL at www.kuwaitiful.com/information/beach-pollution
How does this impact us? It impacts everything starting with carbon, oxygen, the food we eat, the water we drink, and more. It affects every aspect of our lives. If we do not change what we are doing to the ocean, we are literally destroying the building blocks of life itself.
SO WHAT DO WE DO ABOUT IT?
SOCRATES once said, “people get the government, they deserve.” I’m going to extend that concept by saying people get the government, the society, and the world they deserve. To put it more bluntly.
“WE” Are The Issue!!!
Photos provided by GREENPEACE at www.greenpeace.org
The world is a reflection of who we are, and what the world is reflecting back to us is that most of us are in a deep slumber and have been lulled to sleep by an entertainment complex that has kept us very distracted and very uninformed as to what the real issues are in the world. The real news is superseded by the superficial. The real issues are not what is going on in “Hollyweird,” nor is it what is taking place on Capitol Hill, in corporations, or abroad.
We can fight with the politicians. We can fight with the corporations. We can march in the streets with banners and have clean up rock campaigns with the hopes of changing the world. But the bottom line is, the world will never change until we as individuals change.
Mahatma Ghandi once said, “Be the change you want to see in the world.”
The very corporations and the very government we march against are the very corporations and the very government that we vote for each and every day with the choices we make. Every dollar we spend we are voting for the world the way it is. The lifeblood of each and every corporation, bank and government is money. We have it, and they want.
I, like many, would love to think that, somewhere a crackpot team of scientists will figure out how to fix the issues we face. I would love to think technology will fix everything. But until companies begin producing products that are environmentally safe, the burden is on us to “choose” as educated consumers and make better choices.
The environmentally irresponsible and neglectful corporate entities doing the well-documented damage to our ecosystems are monsters that we’ve created through complacency, convenience, and in our choosing to support them through the purchasing of their products. They have morphed collectively into a leviathan that is now devouring the planet. The only power corporations can exert over us is the power we give them by choosing their products and services.
Let’s ask a simple question. Why does any business fail? It’s because people have chosen to spend their money elsewhere. We support corporations by choosing their products and services. Likewise, our lack of support puts them out of business. Simply put, as consumers, we can starve the corporations that are ecologically irresponsible by spending our money elsewhere. In doing so, we’re cutting off their revenue stream and those corporations will either adapt to the new demand created by consumers or they go out of business.
If collectively we chose to stop buying bottled water, they would have no choice but to discontinue the manufacturing of it. If we collectively chose to stop using plastic bags at the grocery store, they would have no choice but to discontinue production. If we do not like what a bank is doing with our money, simply pull your money out and move it elsewhere. The collective action of 314 million Americans is more than any government policy could ever hope to implement, change, or influence.
Through our ignorance and our arrogance, we have neglected the planet on such an unprecedented scale that now we are stepping into the essence, the power, and magnitude of who we truly are. No one wants to look into the mirror and admit to themselves that they are the problem because ultimately that would require us to look at the consequences of what it is we each have done in taking the future away from our children. And it is being taken away!
Hope lies in the fact that there is an awakening occurring in small pockets of humanity, where individuals and small groups are truly beginning to reconnect with nature. People are slowly beginning to rediscover our relationship with the natural world. What we are finally starting to realize is that there is no one steering the ship, there are no leaders moving us in a positive direction, and they’re certainly not to be found in Washington D.C. or in the corporate entities on Wall Street.
Because we are a society of people immersed in the business of our daily lives fulfilling our own personal obligations and responsibilities, the “bigger picture” is something that eludes us. And why wouldn’t it? These issues aren’t talked about in the media. Subsequently, there is very little concern about our collective impact on the planet as a society. As a result, very few have awakened to the horror of what we doing to our home.
Today, we are beginning to eat the very plastic we throw away. Few have truly begun working towards what benefits the whole of humanity. There are only small pockets of heroes choosing to champion the cause of protecting the planet from our continued neglect, and those that do are often written off as “tree huggers” supporting “hippie causes.”
We cannot continue blaming society for all the ills we are now confronting. Now is the time for each of us to step into the essence of who we are and the world we’ve created. Now is the time to restore our relationship with ourselves, with each other, with the earth, and the universe.
Now is the time to begin speaking out for life. Not for the businesses or the banks on Wall Street . . . . . for the ecology of the planet, not the economy! It’s time to become advocates and heroes for Earth. Can you think of a better cause? Can you imagine having a better circle of friends than those willing to save Earth as an endowment for future generations?
RESTORING OUR PLANET
So how do we go about the task of restoring the planet? By first realizing that in killing our ecosystems, we are ultimately cannibalizing the planet that provides for us and bringing about our own demise and every other species. Recognizing that fact first, choose to begin Reducing, Reusing, Recycling, Refusing, and Reclaiming our independence from our dependence on corporations and blind submission to corporate interests.
Recycling is in and of itself, NOT enough . . . .
As a result of the Earth Day Movement, so many corporate killers have jumped on board to present products in a way that is referred to as “Greenwashing” the public mind. They take on the appearance of helping the environment, and provide citizens with a way to feel good about themselves for recycling, while simultaneously contributing to the problem. Remember, plastic never truly goes away.
As a consideration, let’s ask the obvious question. How can we expect any company, whose main product and therefore profit involves the production of plastic bottles, whether for water, soft drinks, alcohol, cleaning product, etc. to claim that they are for the environment when in fact they are the leading source of the problem? As we’ve discovered, even in recycling plastic bottles a percentage of it ultimately finds its way back into the environment, back into the oceans, back into the food chain, and ultimately back into our diet where it begins to create a whole host of health problems.
This is really an ethical issue for all of us in considering our children and the condition we’re going to leave the world in for them to inherit. Companies do not have a moral conscience when it comes to the “Economics of commerce” which is why the “Ecology of Commerce,” which involves understanding that everything we buy means they’re going to have to deplete more natural resources in order to make more of it, is not considered. It is rarely considered in the marketplace, which is predicated on the manufacturing of things with “planned obsolescence” as part of its design so that what is purchased will fail or to be used once and thrown away in order to keep selling more of it and making sure stockholders are making money. It is very disheartening, and a very sad commentary indeed, that money is far more important than the environment.
As a glowing exception to this model, when France and Australia were faced with the increasing number of plastic bottles ending up on beaches and in and around their cities, they decided on a very simple and environmentally responsible solution. For once an ethical decision was made to put the environment ahead of profiteering. By ethical, I’m referring to the fact that a society collectively looked forward to what it was they were leaving behind for future generations and changed their habits and the infrastructure of their society for the better. They stopped producing plastic bottles and instead created drinking stations for people, which forced citizens to begin using reusable containers instead of single-use plastic bottles.
The most effective technique any of us can employ in solving the problem is to refuse to use anything that is wrapped, sold, or marketed, with plastic or at the very least dramatically reduce our use of plastic items. This may be impossible, but we can make huge strides in diminishing our use of plastics. We are as much of a contributor to the problem as is any business or industry manufacturing plastic products. To give this argument some weight consider just for a moment the direct and indirect costs of bottled water.
Everything we do, every choice we make, every action we take counts. Understand, that everything you purchase means they’re going to make more of it. Reach for the glass bottle or do you reach for the plastic bottle of water? The glass bottle of water is far less damaging to the environment than the plastic.
Choosing to throw anything plastic on the ground carries with it the possibility that it could find its way into a storm drain or sewage drain, find its way to the rivers, and ultimately end up at sea. The single action of choosing to dispose of it properly could save countless animals lives, including our own. If we see garbage on the ground and choose to walk past it, the very act of picking up that plastic bottle or plastic item could make all the difference in the world.
The reality is, we are always at choice. We’re allowed to ask for biodegradable products. We’re allowed to say no to the Styrofoam cup. We’re allowed to say no to plastic cups and bottles. We’re allowed to say no to the plastic grocery bag, and on and on.
Prevention is the key.
What we cannot afford to do is walk through life with the misguided belief that someone, somewhere is going to figure it all out and that someone other than our self is going to save the planet. It is all of us making better choices that will create a much better future for our children.
The only way to confront the issue of global pollution and the increasing amount of plastic in the environment is with the choices we make every day. Every day we vote with our dollars in determining what it is we choose to purchase. If we stop purchasing items containing plastic or wrapped in plastic, sales decrease and manufacturers begin looking into alternative ways to meet a specific need.
“Plastic now runs our lives . . . . We’ve always been told that if we would just recycle and throw trash away responsibly, everything will be okay. The lie that is built into that, is the fact that there is no place called “AWAY.” There is no place to really throw things away. Litter isn’t the issue. The issue is the manufacturing and use of plastics in the first place and the fact that this stuff doesn’t degrade. It doesn’t go “AWAY.”
What kind of egotism is it that we have as a society, that we’re willing to use something once, for five minutes, and then turn around and simply throw it into this magical place called “AWAY.” It is going to here long after we are all gone, and even much longer than when are great, great, great, grandchildren are gone, and all the while it will only continue to degrade into toxins and pollution that will continue to harm the environment, harm us, and harm our children for generations to come.
Dean Jordan PhD, Dean of Political Psychology, International University for Graduate Studies. 
CHOICES WE CAN MAKE . . . .
REFUSE TO USE ANY PLASTIC BAGS!!!! The average American throws away over 500 plastic bags annually.
STOP PURCHASING PLASTIC WATER BOTTLES!!!! Instead, use reusable water bottles. Companies like BRITA and BOBBLE make reusable water bottles with carbon filters for drinking pure filtered water. Each filter can filter the equivalent of 300-350 water bottles.
AVOID THE USE OF ANY TOOTHPASTE, GEL, FACIAL WASH, OR BODY SCRUB CONTAINING PLASTIC “MICRO BEADS!!!!”
AVOID THE USE OF POLYSTYRENE (OTHERWISE KNOWN AS STYROFOAM)
WHEN SHOPPING!!!! Bring your own bags with you. Whether shopping at the grocery store or shopping at the MALL, bringing your own bags prevents plastic from ever having a chance of finding its way back into the environment.
WHEN SHIPPING!!!! USE “ECO-FRIENDLY” BIO-DEGRADABLE (VEGETABLE BASED) PACKAGING PEANUTS AND OTHER PACKAGING MATERIALS. These are packaging materials made of starch, that to dispose of can simply have water added to them, where they dissolve entirely and pose no threat to the environment.
Ultimately the choice is ours!
 How Plastic In The Ocean Is Contaminating Your Seafood by ELIZA BARCLAY December 13, 201310:07 AM ET
 Inside the Garbage of the World. Film for Action.
 U.N. report: Oceans are trashed with plastic by Casey Tolan for CNN Published On: Jun 24 2014 05:43:02 AM EDT Updated On: Jun 24 2014 09:25:00 AM EDT
 Inside the lonely fight against the biggest environmental problem you’ve never heard of by Mary Catherine O’Conner The Guardian, Monday 27 October 2014 10:21 EDT
MAY 30, 2014
SCIENTISTS CONSIDER NEW NAMES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
BY ANDY BOROWITZ
NEW HAVEN (The Borowitz Report)—After a report from the Yale Center on Climate Change Communication showed that the term “climate change” elicits relatively little concern from the American public, leading scientists are recommending replacing it with a new term: “You will be burnt to a crisp and die.”
Other terms under consideration by the scientists include “your cities will be ravaged by tsunamis and floods” and “earth will be a fiery hellhole incapable of supporting human life.”
Scientists were generally supportive of the suggestions, with many favoring the term “your future will involve rowing a boat down a river of rotting corpses.”
“Any of these terms would do a better job conveying the urgency of the problem,” Tracy Klugian, a spokesperson for the newly renamed Yale Center for Oh My God Wake Up You Assholes, said.
Get news satire from The Borowitz Report delivered to your inbox.
Photograph by Mike Olbinski Photography/Corbis.
Since our well being and survival as a species, and for that matter, all species, is dependent upon the well-being of the Earth, caring for the Earth and its life support systems is imperative. Simply put, a finite system cannot produce forever. Preserving the life supporting aspects of the planet that can be “sustained” shouldn’t be a matter of debate. Reducing our Carbon and Ecological Footprint to as close to zero should be our primary consideration in protecting the Earth for future generations.
To provide perspective on the need to work towards the sustainability of the planet, consider that the world’s population is currently growing at a rate of 85 million people per year. Put another way, that’s 232,000 people added to the planet every 24 hours or 232,000 more mouths to feed every day. By the year 2100 (in a little over 80 years) there will be 32 billion humans on the planet. One can see that with this kind of exponential growth, our failure to develop an economy based on protecting and sustaining resources, as opposed to cannibalizing the planet, is something we can’t afford to keep ignoring or deliberating over. If we don’t begin sustaining the natural world, our consumption of its finite, natural resources will have an end game scenario that is fairly predictable.
Since every material possession we have is a manipulation of the natural world, then a large percentage of what we purchase is recyclable. Almost 65% of what goes out to the curb and is subsequently sent to a landfill, can be recycled. Newspapers, aluminum cans, glass, aluminum foil, aluminum pans, electronics, batteries, motor oil, plastics 1–7 and on and on, can all be recycled. Some recycling companies do have stipulations with respect to what plastics they will accept for recycling . . . . . so checking with the waste management company covering your community may be a good idea.
In a recent conversation with a follower of my blog, she shared with me, that although she really enjoys the topics I have expounded upon she would like a “To Do List” streamlining what we can do on an individual level for the sustainability of the planet. Her suggestion did not go without consideration. I don’t know that this particular blog really requires much more of an introduction than that. So here goes, in no particular order, a list of considerations in preserving the Earth for future generations: Let me start by saying . . .
THE SINGLE GREATEST THING ANY OF US CAN DO TO MINIMIZE OUR IMPACT ON THE EARTH IS TO AVOID POLLUTING IT AS MUCH AS WE CAN. THE KEY IS TO MINIMIZE THE WASTE WE EACH PRODUCE!!!!
One of the single best ways to really reduce waste and make purchases that are relatively benign in terms of any negative impact on our eco-systems, is to shop with the largest online Wellness Company, MELALEUCA.
Melaleuca is a consumer direct company that utilizes “green” practices, “just in time” manufacturing and shipping techniques, produces 85% less waste than traditional manufacturers, and deliver their products directly to your doorstep. One UPS truck delivering products to 100 houses produces considerably less of a carbon footprint than 100 people driving to the store for their weekly consumables.
What makes this company so unique, is they have an entirely different business model and philosophy than traditional companies. They do no advertising, despite being a $2 billion a year completely debt free company, a Better Business Bureau triple A rated company, a Fortune Inc. “Hall of Famer,” and a Fortune 100 Company. Why is that important to know? Last year, P&G sunk $30 billion (yes that’s billion) into advertising alone. Who do you think pays for that? Correct! We do.
Melaleuca relies on referral marketing, because they believe they can spend that kind of money better by sinking it into research and development and making better, safer products, making it possible for families to live clean and protect the environment by combining the best of nature and the best of science.
All Melaleuca products feature natural, biodegradable ingredients like tea tree oil and thyme oil to disinfect surfaces, citric acid to remove hard water stains, plant enzymes to clean dishes, and to gently release tough stains from laundry. They have no safety caps on any of their products because none of their products are caustic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic, or poisonous. Their products use no bleach, ammonia, phosphates, formaldahyde, phthalates, triclosan, or any other caustic or carcinogenic ingredients.
Their products are far more efficacious than traditional store bought products from other large corporations loaded with inexpensive, harmful, synthetic chemicals that are well documented as being carcinogenic, and found in so many household cleaners, personal care products, skin care products, and dental products.
Specializing in health and wellness, Melaleuca manufactures over 450+ health and wellness products, nutritional supplements, cleaning products, beauty and personal care products, make up, skin care, and other non-grocery consumable items that your family is purchasing week in and week out.
Melaleuca does not ship water in any of their products. Why is that important? They are very concentrated (containing no water), which means we are protecting entire eco-systems by NOT depleting a water table in one part of the country, by shipping water to tens of thousands of locations all over the country. This preserves the local ecosystems in Idaho where Melaleuca is based, and saves tremendously on packaging by manufacturing much smaller bottles and containers, eliminating up to 85% of the manufacturing and distribution costs and waste produced by other companies, which means considerably less waste going to landfills. With only 41% of Americans recycling, that means most of the waste produced by commerce and consumption in our society, ends up in a landfill.
Because we are eliminating this waste and the subsequent costs, Melaleuca can offer their customers superior products with better ingredients for far less than the cost of what consumers are paying for the same category of products at the grocery store, and they’re shipped directly to your doorstep which provides convenience. Hours are no longer wasted driving to and from the store, walking up and down store aisles, and waiting in line to check out.
To learn more visit: www.melaleuca.com
Because their entire business model is predicated on referral marketing, email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I can show you how to open a shopping account with them.
Opening a shopping account with Melaleuca would be a good start, but there’s sooooooo much more we can do in becoming good stewards of the planet.
Another company that shares a very similar vision is a Norwegian Company called Norwex.
In celebration of their 20th anniversary in 2015, the company expanded their Mission:
Improving quality of life by radically reducing chemicals in our homes which is the same mission as Melaleuca. The primary difference between the two companies is what they offer. Though there is some overlap, Melaleuca is more about health, wellness, and nutritional products, whereas NORWEX is more about practical cleaning utensils, towels, mittens, etc.
The water droplet—part of the Norwex legacy from the beginning—signifies purity and no harmful chemicals. The leaf reflects their commitment to protect nature and the environment. The home symbolizes their Mission to create safe havens around the world. The circle represents the global nature of their Mission and Vision. Together, they stand as a powerful symbol of what Norwex represents.
To visit their website click here: https://norwex.biz
Shopping with both these companies will go a long way in minimizing you negative impact on the planet….
But to go beyond what these 2 companies can do in minimizing out impact on the planet, let’s start by talking about Recycling . . .
RECYCLING is a great first step . . . but only a “first step.”
What do I mean by that?
As someone who tries to recycle almost everything, I will always be an advocate for recycling as opposed to not recycling and that’s because almost everything can be recycled in some capacity. But even recycling is still adding to the problem. That’s because most plastics can only be recycled for two generations i.e.. twice. Beyond that they lose their adhesive qualities which necessitates making more. The real aim is to avoid plastic all together as much as possible.
But since plastic is nearly impossible to avoid, let’s recycle…Why?
Well, let’s just start by stating that Americans throw away enough garbage every day to fill 63,000 garbage trucks. To look at that from a more personal perspective, within a given lifetime, the average American will personally throw away approximately more than 600 times his or her body weight, which for an average adult would leave a legacy of 90,000 pounds of trash at the end of their lifetime. Of the garbage Americans throw out, more than half of it can be recycled, which is enough to fill a football stadium from top to bottom every day. That just sucks for the planet!
Of these recyclables, Americans throw away enough aluminum to rebuild the world’s entire commercial air fleet every three months, enough steel to reconstruct Manhattan, and enough wood and paper to heat 5 million homes for 200 years. So as you can see, recycling is a great way to make a significant difference. But beyond recycling glass, plastics, and paper, so much more can be recycled . . . .
When it comes to recycling, I think it’s important to discuss the single biggest culprits of man made pollution: PLASTIC!!!
ONE OF THE BEST DECISIONS WE CAN MAKE TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT IS TO AVOID USING PLASTIC AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE: ESPECIALLY “SINGLE USE PLASTIC”
An entire exposé could be written on the chemically hazardous properties of plastics. Plastic and its disposal should literally be treated as a toxic, bio-hazardous waste material. This is not exaggerative. To learn more read my blog on plastic titled: IGNORANCE, ARROGANCE, NEGLECT AND CONSEQUENCES: THE STORY OF PLASTIC, OCEANS, AND OUR SURVIVAL.
Recycling plastic, in general, is a bit of a sticky subject. It’s an enormous problem because plastic is an enormous industry.
It’s unfortunate, but our concept of recycling is somewhat misguided because the rather malleable public mind has been psychologically conditioned into believing that recycling is preventing, circumventing, or fixing the problem created by plastic waste. That’s because our entire perspective of recycling plastics has been created by the very companies whose livelihood is dependent upon it. Companies like Coca-Cola and Pepsi for example, create the image of caring, and in a very feeble way, encourage people to recycle, but this is all nothing more than “Green Washing” the public. It’s marketing, nothing more. It creates a good image for a company that cares about the environment, but they really don’t. How do I know? Because their entire industry is predicated on selling consumers “throw away” beverage containers. Every bottle that is thrown away just means that they have to make more . . . and they’re all too happy to. Can you imagine a world where the only Coke or Pepsi available to the public came from fountain dispensers, and each consumer had to bring their own container or glass? They want us throwing away our little plastic bottle so they can sell us more.
Again, recycling is something that makes us feel a little better by doing something “green.” We believe that as stewards of the Earth and the Environment we’re doing something good, but all of our efforts are really only slowing the problem, not fixing or avoiding it. That’s because most plastics can only be recycled approximately 2 – 3 times before it loses all of its adhesive properties and its ability to be molded or fashioned into anything useful. So even though we may choose to recycle plastic, we’re still ultimately creating waste. We’re just postponing the problem a little.
Another problem with “recycling” plastic is that very few recycling facilities currently recycle all the plastic they collect. Fortunately, here in Cincinnati, the burning of the Rumpke Recycling facility 3 years ago, lead to the building of a $32 million single source facility that set the high mark in our country. Now considered to be at the apex of recycling facilities, this facility is setting a new precedent in the industry.
Unfortunately, most facilities can only repurpose about 20% of the plastics they collect for resale on the open market, so recycling is not enough, because even if we are recycling, sadly, about 80% of the plastic we purchase is still producing waste.
The best decision we can make is to “Refuse” anything plastic, as much as possible. We are allowed to say no at the grocery store when they start putting our groceries in plastic bags. If you are without reusable shopping bags, choose paper bags which are least biodegradable, so that in the event that they would end up in a landfill they will not harm the environment when they decompose. It is my hope that the paper bag would be recycled and never make it to the landfill. Here’s hoping!
Avoid using or purchasing any plastic items. Choosing NOT to use plastic grocery bags at the checkout counter of the grocery store has an enormous impact on the environment.
Over 350,000 marine mammals are killed each and every year by either eating plastic or by becoming entangled in it, including dolphins, whales, sea lions, seals, along with countless species of fish. Approximately 100,000 sea turtles are killed every year by attempting to ingest plastic bags which are mistaken for their main source of food, jellyfish. And over 1.2 million sea birds die every year from ingesting plastic.
Every organism in the ocean is affected by the presence of this plastic, in every depth of the ocean. We are finding microplastic in krill and all the way up through the food chain in the bellies of whales and seabirds. Even if you don’t live near the ocean, you’re not off the hook (no pun intended). We’re all contributing to this!!!
Once making its way to a landfill, wind currents often pick up plastic bags and carry them for miles, and deposit them in waterways such as streams, tributaries, and rivers that eventually carry the plastic to the ocean.
Because the photo-decomposition of plastic is incredibly slow, depending on the type, it can take between 450 – 1000 years to photo-degrade. In that time frame, one plastic bag can kill multiple marine animals because once ingested, the decomposing body of the animal releases the plastic bag where it can be ingested again killing another sea animal.
If the threat was only to sea creatures, the threat would be bad enough but now the threat is to our own children. Studies performed at the University of California – Santa Barbara, have now found that these microscopic polymers once ingested diffuse into the tissues of fish and other animals, and ultimately are then absorbed by humans who ingest them. These microscopic toxins that are a concentration of approximately 10,000 times the chemical in its natural state, find their way back up the food chain and ultimately wind up back in our bodies as a toxic foreign body in our tissues. Again, to learn more read my blog on plastic titled: IGNORANCE, ARROGANCE, NEGLECT, AND CONSEQUENCES. THE STORY OF PLASTIC, OCEANS, AND OUR SURVIVAL
In addition, these plastics leach oils and chemicals into the oceans that are harmful to marine life and also contribute to the declining numbers of fish populations. Oceanic studies have now identified over 200+ “dead zones” in the world’s oceans where no marine life lives.
We are literally creating a toxic planet with plastics. Please avoid their use as much as possible…..
PLEASE REFUSE TO USE ANY PLASTIC BAGS!!!!
The average American throws away over 500 plastic bags annually and worldwide we throw away approximately 1.7 trillion a year. Please do your part to avoid their use.
CHOOSE TODAY TO STOP PURCHASING PLASTIC WATER BOTTLES!!!!
Instead, use reusable water bottles. Companies like BRITA and BOBBLE make reusable water bottles with carbon filters for drinking pure filtered water. Each filter can filter the equivalent of 300-350 water bottles.
But by far and away, the best-filtered water bottle currently available is the CLEARLY FILTERED STAINLESS STEEL water bottle. Whereas Brita will filter out chlorine, some pesticides, and antibiotics, only Clearly Filtered removes all heavy metals including even Fluoride. Check out their website here: www.clearlyfiltered.com
AVOID THE USE OF ANY TOOTHPASTE, GEL, FACIAL WASH, OR BODY SCRUB CONTAINING PLASTIC “MICRO BEADS!!!!”
The issue with microbeads is that they do not biodegrade. These plastics undergo photo-degradation and breakdown into neustronic plastics, or plastics that at the molecular level are ingested and absorbed into the tissues of fish, thus entering our food chain, where we ingest them. Once in their tissues and subsequently in ours there is no removing from our bodies. The chemicals such as dioxins, BPA, and many more, are carcinogenic.
Since we’re talking about Toothpaste . . . . What to do with an empty tube of Toothpaste?
Tom’s Terracycle is a division of TOM’S OF MAINE the maker of toothpaste made from all natural ingredients. They make a whole myriad of products all using all natural ingredients. But what makes this company so unique is their devotion to the environment and not compromising on their ethics when it comes to protecting the environment and the Earth’s life-supporting eco-systems.
This company doesn’t just use environmentally responsible packaging and strive to maximize the recycled and recyclability of their packaging, but they’ve also developed a recycling program called the TOM’s NATURAL CARE BRIGADE TERRACYCLE COLLECTION PROGRAM where they are trying to become a zero-waste company. They not only accept the return of all their products but also accept any company’s products or packaging that make tubes of toothpaste, plastic deodorant dispensers, liquid soap bottles, etc. How cool is that!!!!!
I keep all of my used toothpaste tubes, deodorant containers/dispensers, etc. in a container that, when full, is shipped back to TOM’s of MAINE Terracycle Program. To learn more visit: http://www.tomsofmaine.com/planet/overlay/TerraCycle
AVOID THE USE OF POLYSTYRENE (OTHERWISE KNOWN AS STYROFOAM)
This is a movement that is rapidly gaining momentum. Numerous states and hundreds of cities have banned, literally outlawed the purchase, use, or possession of styrofoam. For obvious reasons. It’s plastic….. For a complete list of cities and states that have banned styrofoam click on the link below:
WHEN SHOPPING!!!! Bring your own bags with you. Whether shopping at the grocery store or shopping at the MALL, bringing your own bags prevents plastic from ever having a chance of finding its way back into the environment. Several eco-friendly companies create and sell reusable home, kitchen, produce and grocery bags made from all natural, organic materials. The best part is when using these, we produce no waste. Some of my favorites include:
Simple Ecology: http://www.simpleecology.com
Carry Green: https://www.carrygreen.com
WHEN SHIPPING!!!! USE “ECO-FRIENDLY” BIO-DEGRADABLE (VEGETABLE BASED) PACKAGING PEANUTS AND OTHER PACKAGING MATERIALS. These are packaging materials made of vegetable oil and starch, that to dispose of can simply have water added to them, where they dissolve entirely and pose no threat to the environment.
VIRTUALLY ALL PAPER and BOOKS CAN BE RECYCLED
If you’re like me, nothing can replace a book. I write notes in the margin of every book I read so I can reference things later. Thankfully, I’ve learned to recycle just about everything, but for those that really like them, perhaps something like a Kindle, Nook, or any other tablet providing ebooks is a far more ecologically responsible way to prevent waste.
Keurig along with some other coffee machine makers have made single serve coffee makers a staple in almost every household and business. I used to own one, but I sent it to the recycling plant where its parts will all be repurposed. The biggest design flaw in all of these coffee machines though is the disposable plastic cups that contain the coffee, which is placed in the machine and disposed of after the water has filtered through. The problem is that the plastic the K-cups are made of is virtually impossible to recycle. Consider a few hundred million Americans alone having a cup or two of coffee every day with their Keurig. THAT’S A LOT OF WASTE!!!!! In 2014 Americans threw away approximately 9 billion K-cups.
How bad is this problem? John Sylvan the inventor of the Keurig Coffee Maker doesn’t even own one. It’s gone on to be the biggest regret of his life, knowing now the amount of waste his coffee makers produce. No longer the owner of the company, he has tried to get the company to do something about the catastrophic amount of waste the K-cups produce, but in his own words, “they don’t want to listen.” To read more about John Sylvan’s dilemma and the issues surrounding the use of your Keurig click here:
There are a number of alternatives to producing so much waste. Companies like Keurig themselves make reusable cups for their coffee machines along with a whole host of others. But you will still probably want to kick your Keurig to the curb (that is to say, recycle it). This article will certainly fill in the blanks of all the health risks associated with the use of your Keurig.
Apart from being environmentally responsible, click here to see another reason why you may want to kick your Keurig to the Curb anyway:
In short, Keurig.com states, “Once your Keurig home brewer has been primed, you cannot empty the water from the inside. The internal tank of the brewer cannot be drained.”
Biofilms are found wherever there is water and a surface to stick to (like your shower curtain). The rubber tubing and the internal tank of the Keurig cannot be drained. It is more than likely that bacteria and mold are happily living inside that hidden water tank where it is nice and dark and warm. Another mold-magnet is that black rubber ring on the bottom of the exterior water container.
Plastic K Cups Conundrum
The K Cup is a composite plastic, #7. Although this is technically BPA-free the chemicals from the composite plastic are not safe and they still have estrogenic activity. As long as I’m mentioning fake estrogens coming from the plastic in your K Cup, don’t make a bad situation worse by adding soy milk to your coffee! The effects of prolonged intake of soy are well documented.
The Cups Are Non-Recyclable
This is a big problem for the environment since we have seen an explosion in the use of single cup coffee makers, like Keurig, in the last few years. MotherJones.com reported, over 8.3 billion K Cups a year are discarded, enough to circle the earth 10.5 times!
An alternative to Keurig is to purchase a French Press, a Turkish Coffee Pot, or a percolator. There is no waste associated with these approaches to making coffee….So easy to use, even our monkey above is using a French Press. I love mine.
I purchased a French Press after retiring my Keurig and it was the best decision ever. Now I grind fresh coffee beans every morning, place the grinds in the bottom of the french press, add boiling water, let it sit for 3 minutes, press it, and viola! Incredibly awesome tasting coffee that tastes better than any pre-packaged grinds. That’s because what’s in your Keurig K-cups has been sitting in those boxes for months before it ever makes it to a store’s shelf and to your mouth.
It takes 2 minutes to bring water to a boil in my tea kettle and I have a fresh cup of coffee with 5-6 minutes. My Keurig saved me maybe 3 minutes in the morning (and yes I timed it) but at the expense of creating a lot of unnecessary waste and with the added risk of exposure to estrogenic chemicals and bio-slime in the tubing. Now I produce no waste and best of all I compost my coffee grinds or pour them over the base of all the plants in my yard where they make a great fertilizer.
A great alternative to using plastic saran wrap to preserve leftovers are the Charles Viancin Lilipad Silicon Lids. I love these and use them at my house. These reusable, ingenious lids, create an airtight seal that can be applied to mixing bowls, glasses, cups, etc. (see images below) and replace the throwaway saran wrap which ultimately ends up in a land fill. They can be purchased on amazon.com, ebay.com, www.livinginnovative.com, www.surlatable.com, and various other websites.
Another great eco-friendly alternative to saran wrap and throw away Glad Ziplock Bags that I use, is Bee’s Wrap a beeswax and cloth food storage alternative. I LOVE, LOVE, LOVE this stuff and routinely wrap a sandwich, cheese, vegetables, or anything else I would otherwise wrap in saran wrap and again, create no waste. You can even use it to cover a bowl!
Use the warmth of your hands to mold the bee’s wrap, sealing the top of a bowl, half of a lemon, the end of a crusty loaf of bread, or wrap a piece of cheese. When cool the wrap stiffens holding its shape and seal…unwrap and reuse over and over.
Visit www.beeswrap.com for details. It can be purchased at their website or on various other websites such as: www.amazon.com, www.ebay.com, www.williams-sonoma.com, www.thegrommet.com/Bees-Wrap, and many other websites. I purchased mine from a vendor selling it at Findley Market in Cincinnati (a national monument that is like a ginormous Farmers Market only it’s been around for like 100 years).
TRY USING “PHOSPHATE FREE” DETERGENTS
Phosphates help to remove food and grease, reduce spotting and filming, control water hardness and suspend the bits of food so they were not redistributed on your dishes. That’s the upside! But phosphates which are used to support the growth of plants in gardening, foster the growth of algae. When too much phosphate is present, excessive amounts of algae can develop. This may lead to undesirable water quality impacts including reductions in aquatic life, poor taste and odors in drinking water.
Alternatives to Using Static Free Dryer Sheets
None of us like our clothes to have static, so by necessity dryer sheets are almost a must. The unfortunate side of doing so means that these chemically treated sheets end up in a landfill, creating more waste and consumption, not sustainability.
Fortunately, a company called Woolzies has found a 100% eco-friendly solution to that dilemma by creating Woolzies natural dryer balls that produce no waste.
Regular fabric softener’s both in liquid and sheet form contains numerous first chemicals which are toxic to the environment and even more dangerous to many people who have serious allergic reactions to them. The elderly and small children can suffer from a variety of negative symptoms which are really just allergic reactions to the harsh chemicals contained in these chemical fabric softening products.
“Woolzies are pure handmade New Zealand wool dryer balls that soften your laundry naturally without any of the chemicals of conventional fabric softeners. Unlike the plastic dryer balls, they are PVC free and won’t fall apart or melt on you.
- Because Woolzies bounce around in your dryer, they naturally separate and create space between your laundry, thereby allowing the hot dryer air to circulate better and subsequently cut down on drying time by about 25% in large load in 35 to 40% in small loads. This, of course, saves both time and money for you and energy for the environment.
- They dramatically reduce static and wrinkles.
- Use Woolzies to snuggle up with naturally downy soft laundry that’s completely free of harmful chemicals.
- Woolzies are also hypo-allergenic and totally safe for people with wool sensitivities as they will not shed onto your laundry.
- Unlike even natural dryer sheets and liquid fabric softeners, Woolzies last for 1,000 loads and are therefore extremely eco-friendly.
So why risk your health and waste your money with regular fabric softeners when you can save time, energy and money with all natural pure Woolzies!”
You can purchase them and other environmentally friendly products at their website: www.woolzies.com
Of course, an alternative is to make your own. A google search will provide you with a number of websites that teach you how to do so….
CONSIDER THE USE OF REUSABLE SOAP NUTS INSTEAD OF COMMERCIAL DETERGENTS
A metamorphosis in both personal and household cleaning has occurred over time. From ancient Ayurvedic shampoos and hair treatments to the best 100% organic modern scouring powder, soap nuts are making an indelible mark upon history. We are watching a worldwide paradigm shift towards effective, healthier and eco-friendly natural soaps and cleaners in process. And it’s one P&G is not going to be happy about.
Soap Nuts (soap berries) are the fruit of the Chinese Soap Berry Tree. These amazing berries are harvested and then sun-dried. Soap nuts are found in both the eastern and western hemispheres but are native to India and Nepal. They have recently become a popular environmentally friendly alternative to chemical detergent, and are a gentle option for those with allergies to chemicals in regular detergents. The drupes (soapnuts) contain saponins which are a natural surfactant. They have been used for washing for thousands of years by native peoples in Asia as well as Native Americans. The soap nut shell absorbs water and releases the saponins which circulate as a natural surfactant in the wash water, freeing dirt, grime, and oils from clothing.
Some benefits of our Whole Organic Raw Soap Nuts (with seed) include:
● Reusable up to 4-6 times for laundry
● Hypoallergenic, fragrance-free, eco-friendly, biodegradable & organic
● Low sudsing – perfect for high efficiency (he) washers
● Free of synthetic chemicals, fillers, toxins, dyes & perfumes
● Ideal for cloth cotton diaper laundering
And best of all, used soap nuts can be composted, so there’s no environmental waste.
If purchased in powder form, it uses can be expanded to include being used as a scouring powder (better than Comet), a shampoo and scalp treatment, Tea and Coffee maker cleaner, and countless other uses.
To learn more or purchase here is an awesome resource:
USE ECO-FRIENDLY CLEANSERS, SOAPS, AND DETERGENTS
All of these are cleaning products that are biodegradable, non-toxic, contain no phosphate and have hundreds of uses. They are safe around children and animals (and most if not all meet all PETA Standards). Because these are so safe, I use a cloth to clean my kitchen counters, stove, table, etc and simply run water through it when I’m done. I ring it out and use it again and again. This prevents me from generating waste with the use of paper towels which I rarely ever use anymore.
CONSIDER INSTALLING A BIDET
One of the best decisions I’ve ever made. Every year 15 million trees are cut down worldwide to make toilet paper. Though a novel idea to Americans, bidets are quite common throughout the rest of the world. Cleaning your bum with a bidet is not only far more hygienic than wiping, it prevents the loss of countless trees and the clear-cutting of entire forests.
If the idea of increased freshness and less irritation doesn’t appeal to you, consider this: Americans use close to 8 million tons of toilet paper every year,7 and forests are being destroyed to keep up with this demand. As reported by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC):8
“Giant paper producers are forcing the destruction of our continent’s most vibrant forests, and devastating the habitat for countless wildlife species in the process.
Instead of making better use of materials such as post-consumer recycled fiber and agricultural residue to meet the escalating demand for toilet paper, paper towels and other disposable tissue products, these companies buy virgin pulp from suppliers that reach deep into North American forests for timber, from northern Canada to the southeastern United States.”
If every US household replaced even one roll of virgin fiber toilet paper with one made from 100% recycled fibers, 423,900 trees would be saved.9 You can also opt to choose toilet paper sourced from forests certified by the Forest Stewardship Council.
However, even toilet paper that comes from specially planted tree plantations is not a sustainable choice in the long run, as these single-species plantations cannot compare with the species-rich forests that have formed a natural habitat for centuries.
Aside from the waste, the process of bleaching toilet paper white leads to the creation of cancer-causing chemicals like dioxins and furans, which not only enter the air but also waterways, soil, and the food chain. Exposure to even low levels of dioxins has been linked to hormone alterations, immune system impairments, reduced fertility, birth defects, and other reproductive problems. – Source: Mercola.com
AVOID THE USE OF HOUSEHOLD PESTICIDES
If you really must kill insects, fly swatters do a pretty good job. Personally, I don’t ever kill bugs. On the occasion that one finds its way into my house, I simply get toilet paper that allows me to very gently pick it up without crushing it, and I simply take it outside and release it.
CONSIDER DITCHING YOUR FAVORITE SHAMPOO AND USING BAKING SODA AND APPLE CIDER VINEGAR. SOUND CRAZY?
Google this and see the countless articles written about people who not only were completely skeptical but who will never go back. Their hair is actually healthier, fuller, and more vibrant than it ever was with even the most expensive shampoo’s . . . .
How to do it? Take a bottle and fill it with half baking soda, half water. Then take another bottle and fill it with half apple-cider vinegar, half water. Keep the bottles in your shower. This seems to be the optimal level of dilution—not too basic, not too acidic (though of course, all our individual scalps have their own unique balance of oils, fungus, and bacteria). Shake before using as the materials will separate. Use as much as you need.
For both the baking soda and vinegar steps of the process, focus on the roots of your hair, not the tips. You will be amazed at how much better your hair feels and looks.
And no! Your hair will NOT smell like vinegar….
PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE! DON’T EVER POUR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS DOWN THE DRAIN OR IN THE ENVIRONMENT
Ultimately these chemicals find their way into our water tables and waterways where their presence kills fish and wildlife.
MOTOR OIL AND OIL FILTERS CAN BE RECYCLED
All oil changing facilities, mechanic garages, or motor part retail facilities will properly recycle motor oil.
Used oil can contain contaminants such as lead, magnesium, copper, zinc, chromium, arsenic, cadmium and chlorinated compounds. Used motor oil represents more than 40 percent of the oil pollution in our country’s waterways. One gallon of used motor oil can pollute one million gallons of drinking water. Don’t pour used motor oil down the drain or on the ground. Used oil is easy to recycle. It can be re-refined into motor oil. Even after draining, used oil filters contain about 10 ounces of used oil, as well as one pound of reusable steel. Just to show the impact of us collectively doing this consider that the oil filters sold annually in California alone could be recycled into 67 million pounds of steel, which is enough steel to build three large football stadiums! Recycle your used oil filter at any of these service stations.
Auto Zone 800-288-6966
Accepts up to 5 gallons of motor oil per day. Also accepts car batteries. Call prior to dropping off.
NAPA Auto Parts 800-538-6272
Accepts motor oil from residents. Also accepts car, boat, motorcycle batteries. Call prior to dropping off.
Pep Boys 800-737-2697
Accepts up to 5 quarts of motor oil per customer per day. Also accepts car batteries. Call prior to dropping off.
Wal-Mart Tire & Lube 1-800-WALMART
Accepts up to 5 gallons of motor oil per day. Also accepts car batteries and tires (charge). Call prior to dropping off.
BATTERIES (INCLUDING CAR BATTERIES) CAN BE RECYCLED
Used batteries are accepted at LOWES, HOME DEPOT, WHOLE FOODS, BATTERIES PLUS, and most BEST BUYS.
Today’s common household batteries—those ubiquitous AAs, AAAs, C’s, D’s, and 9-volts from Duracell, Energizer and others—are not thought to pose as great a threat to properly equipped modern landfills as they used to because they contain much less mercury than their predecessors.
Perhaps of greater concern nowadays is what’s happening to spent rechargeable batteries from cell phones, MP3 players and laptops. Such items contain potentially toxic heavy metals sealed up inside, and if thrown out with the regular garbage can jeopardize the environmental integrity of both landfills and incinerator emissions. Luckily, the battery industry sponsors the operations of the Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC), which facilitates the collection of used rechargeable batteries collected in an industry-wide “take back” program for recycling.
Still, recyclable batteries if properly disposed of are a much better alternative to regular batteries, saving the consumer tremendously financially and creates a lot less waste.
Car batteries, by law, must not be disposed of with household waste. They are collected at almost all garages, Auto Parts Stores (Several of which are listed above) and scrap metal facilities.
ALMOST ALL METAL SCRAP AND ELECTRONICS CAN BE RECYCLED INCLUDING:
Non-Ferrous Metals, Aluminum, Aluminum Cans, Aluminum Wheels, Copper, Insulated Wire, Brass, Bronze, Stainless Steel,
Ferrous Metals, Steel (prepared and unprepared), Sheet Iron (clean and unclean), Cast Iron
Household Appliances (Dishwashers, Washing Machines, Coffee Makers, etc)
Refrigerators, Freezers, Air Conditioners (compressors must be removed).
Lead, Die Cast, Catalytic converters, Electric Motors, Compressors
Auto-Cast, Motors, Radiators (aluminum, aluminum/copper, and car radiators), Metal doors
Screws, nails, and other hardware, Ironing Boards
Old Televisions, Stereos/Sound Components
iPads, iPods, Tablets, Computers, Projectors, Printers
Hair Dryers, Hair Straighteners
Coffee Makers, Food Blenders, Electric Can Openers, Fire Alarms, Irons, Lamps, Keyboards, and any other electronic device, can be recycled.
Go to GOOGLE or BING and do an online search to find regional companies that recycle them.
Here in the midwest, COHEN RECYCLING takes all these items!!!!!
RECYCLE PRINTER CARTRIDGES AND TONER CARTRIDGES
Printer Cartridges and Toner Cartridges can be both refilled or recycled. Staples, Hewlett Packer, Xerox, Office Depot, and most computer printer retailing facilities recycle cartridges for you and some even offer cash incentives to do so.
In purchasing a new inkjet or laser cartridge, look at the instructions in the box of your new laser or inkjet cartridge to find out how to recycle your old one. Many companies will provide instructions with the packaging materials and free postage if you wish to recycle your old cartridge.
OLD STYLE INCANDESCENT LIGHT BULBS (WITH THE GLOWING TUNGSTEN FILAMENT IN THEM) CANNOT BE RECYCLED BUT CFL ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHT BULBS CAN AND SHOULD BE RECYCLED
Recycling these prevents the release of mercury into the environment. CFLs and other fluorescent bulbs often break when thrown into a dumpster, trash can or compactor, or when they end up in a landfill or incinerator. Other materials in the bulbs get reused. Recycling CFLs and other fluorescent bulbs allow the reuse of the glass, metals and other materials that make up fluorescent lights. Virtually all components of a fluorescent bulb can be recycled. Visit: search.earth911.com to find out where you can recycle CFL light bulbs in your region.
I for one rarely have lights on in my house unless I’m reading or cooking. For whatever reason, I find candles very relaxing and calming which makes for a great prelude to meditating, something I try to do every night before going to bed. As you know, candle never burns all the wax. They burn till the wick is gone, leaving a considerable about of the candle left over and unusable. DON”T THROW THE CANDLE WAX AWAY!!!!!
Go to your local Michael’s Arts & Crafts store or to your local Hobby Lobby where they sell candle making kits for a little over $20. By simply melting down the wax on your stove, using a pitcher in the candle making kit, you can pour yourself a whole new set of candles and it didn’t cost anything after your initial purchase… And better yet, you’ve created no waste!
RECYCLE ALL CARPET
Would you believe by volume and weight carpet is number one filler of landfills? It’s true. Carpets are made of several chemical compounds but for the most part, they are essentially plastic. Because they are plastic they do not biodegrade. Plastic only photodegrades in the presence of light. Once in a landfill, with no access to light, they never degrade.
Also, the primary compound in carpet fiber, as with most plastics, is a hydrocarbon, which is commonly drawn from fossil fuels, which is what we are trying to move away from. When buying carpet, the retail installers will remove the old carpet for you (but you may want to check and make sure they are going to recycle it).
Do-it-yourselfers will have to determine where the nearest carpet recycling facility is. A visit to Carpet America Recovery Effort’s website http://carpetrecovery.org is the easiest way to find these facilities; the site has a map of the U.S. with carpet collection centers listed by state. Let’s keep carpet out of the landfills!
RECYCLE CORKS, PLASTIC TUBS, PLASTIC GROCERY BAGS, AND EVEN WATER FILTERS
All WHOLE FOODS INC. locations recycle plastic grocery bags regardless of where they are from, plastic tubs such as yogurt tubs, fruit tubs, batteries, and yes, even BRITA Water Filters.
Today most grocery stores have a bin near the entrance of the store for recycling plastic grocery bags. Please, please, please choose to recycle these bags, which have become the number one killer of sea life and birds. Even when they are thrown away and sent off to a landfill, when the garbage truck dumps at the site, a number of these are blown by the wind, end up in our waterways, and float out to sea.
RECYCLE OR DONATE LATEX PAINT
Latex paint is not a hazardous waste material and can be safely thrown away with your regular trash once it is solid. Since garbage collectors cannot pick up liquids, simply leave the lid off and mix in sand, sawdust, or kitty litter to speed up the drying process. Once it is solid, place the can next to your trash with the lid off so your garbage collector can see that the paint is dry.
Soles 4 Souls
Accepts shoes either locally or via mail in.
REDUCE PAPER USAGE:
It’s one thing to “recycle” but “reducing” our consumption altogether makes an enormous impact on our consumption of resources. Reducing paper usage preserves forests and maintains the balance in the CO2 and O2 exchange between the plant kingdom and us. This a system with checks and balances that we cannot afford to destroy. Considering the anthropogenic (human) contribution to Global Warming and its devastating effects, being cognizant of our paper usage is a must.
Going to completely paperless billing and online sources for news and entertainment is a tremendous step towards reducing our carbon footprint. Virtually every paper magazine has an online version of the magazine that can be viewed and read as opposed to purchasing the physical version of it. This keeps paper out of our landfills and preserves trees. To provide perspective, a one-run copy of the New York Times Sunday Edition requires almost 100,000 trees. Do your part and preserve these trees.
STOP THE “JUNK MAIL” AND DEFOREST YOUR MAILBOX
Almost 75% of the junk mail we find in our mailbox isn’t read so why keep receiving it? Visit Catalog Choice, a non-profit group that has helped 1.3 million people opt out of receiving 19 million pieces of junk mail. The Catalog Choice website www.catalogchoice.org streamlines the opt-out process so you don’t have to contact companies yourself. And the best part? It’s totally free. With a few clicks, you can stop unwanted junk mail from coming to your house. This one website is designed to enable you to “opt out” of company mailings by picking those companies you want and don’t want to receive mail from. This one step can reduce our ecological footprint and waste immensely. 2nd only to carpet, believe it or not, paper and paper products are the largest contribution to our landfills.
Another awesome website is www.dmachoice.org. This is a mail preference service that allows you to choose what mail you receive and what you don’t by giving you the choice to opt in or opt out corporate mailing lists. If you do not want to remove yourself from all mailing lists, you make your choices by company. The website also offers the ability to stop a good portion of junk email you receive.
Getting off commercial Email lists
dmachoice.com also provides a registration form to register with the eMPS. eMPS is the Email Preference Service and allows you to remove your email from national lists. You will continue to receive an email from groups or advertisers who do not use eMPS to clean their lists.
Although registration with eMPS will help reduce the number of emails you receive, it will not stop all commercial emails. You may continue to receive emails from groups or advertisers who do not use eMPS to clean their lists. Email of a business-to-business nature received at your place of employment is also not affected through registration with eMPS.
The DMA does not provide marketers with consumer email lists for marketing purposes. The Email Preference Service is available to companies for the sole purpose of removing your email address from their email lists. This service does not apply to advertisements emailed to your business address.
To unsubscribe to emails that have managed to add you to their daily or weekly subscription go to unroll.me or click here:
CONSIDER ALTERNATIVE ENERGY:
Though for many of us, getting “off the grid” so to speak may not be an affordable option, for those that can afford to purchase alternative energy such as wind, solar, and geothermal sources of energy, can reduce CO2 emissions dramatically. Until large purchases like these become more affordable and more prevalent, minimizing our electrical usage with energy efficient light bulbs and appliances helps as does adjusting our thermostats to minimize energy usage. Make sure lights are not left on in rooms that aren’t occupied. Personally, I light candles in my house almost every night, simply because I find it very calming and like to meditate at night.
Rooftop solar water heating is a new trend that is gaining tremendous momentum, especially in the western U.S. with states such as California, Oregon, and Washington. U.S. installation of these systems has more than tripled since 2005.
USE LED or CFL ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTBULBS.
Why? One it will lower your bills dramatically both from a purchasing cost standpoint and in terms of monthly electrical bills. They are front-loaded in cost but in the long term will pay dividends, saving an enormous amount of money over the long term. A typical incandescent light bulb with a tungsten filament lasts about 1,000 hours and costs 50 cents. You’d need six bulbs and spend about $42 on bulbs and electricity over the life of those bulbs. Or, by contrast, with the purchase of one LED or CFL light bulb, you’ll spend approximately $12, electricity included, with an expectant life span of approximately 10,000 hours. Anyone surviving a 3rd-grade math class can see this is kind of a no-brainer.
One of my blog readers had expressed concern about the mercury found in CFL Light bulbs, but studies on them have found them to be extremely safe as long as they are handled properly. This will ultimately be a personal decision so I encourage doing some research on your own. Learn more by clicking on the link: energyblog.nationalgeographic.com/2014/01/08/separating-myth-from-fact-on-cfls-and-leds-five-concerns-addressed.
BUY A BICYCLE . . . . and get healthy!
Bike small distances with a backpack to the store, to friends, or to work if possible . . . . . . This is personally one of my favorite things to do, and when weather permits, I bike about 100 miles a week.
DRIVE A HYBRID OR COMPLETELY ELECTRIC CAR
The Tesla Model S has received tremendous press recently as the first viable electric car. Going from 0-60 in 4 seconds it’s clearly worthy of all the hype. But Tesla’s work pioneering this bold initiative is just beginning. Many car companies are now moving rapidly towards designing cars that reduce CO2 emissions.
CARPOOL OR TAKE MASS TRANSIT WHEN POSSIBLE
Many cities are now incorporating light rail systems, trains, subways, and an increased number of hybrid buses into their civil engineering designs and their transit management designs. Mass transit curbs CO2 emissions dramatically.
BEGIN COMPOSTING . . . .
Would you believe 25 – 30% of what goes to our landfills is kitchen scraps and food waste? Composting (keeping your food scraps in composting containers that can be purchased at Lowes, Home Depot, Menards, etc or just in a pile in a designated part of your yard) provide you with a great way to fertilize indoor plants, mulch beds, or even the lawn itself. I keep a composting container under my sink in my kitchen. All the leftover food scraps in my house go out to my compost pile. Even living in an apartment, one can compost and empty their container one a week into the surrounding environment. Something I say to my son Alex is, “always give back to nature the unadulterated (pure, natural) things nature gives to us.”
Food waste simply has no place in a landfill. Buried, it takes up space (30% of the volume of the landfill), has no access to air, bacteria, sunlight, moisture, and requires a tremendous amount of time to break down.
Bottom line: “Do nature a favor and give back to it, what we take from it.”
DON’T BAG GRASS TRIMMINGS. COMPOST GRASS, LEAVES, AND YARD DEBRIS
Like food scraps, if there is a need to bag your grass trimmings, empty the bag somewhere on your property if possible, in a compost pile that can be kept, letting nature do what it does best . . . . . . recycle the biodegradable material back into the surrounding environment.
If you simply cannot bear the thought of keeping a compost pile or don’t have space to compost, please be responsible and place the grass trimmings in a compostable lawn bag as opposed to a plastic bag. The reason this is so important is, grass and yard waste are organic materials that biodegrade.
Typically most cities that allow for the collection of yard waste will pick it up separately and have specific requirements and restrictions that must be adhered to, such as placing the yard waste in compostable bags. This is because in the event that yard trimmings go to the landfill in a PLASTIC BAG they create another problem.
Exposed to the elements, the detritus (biodegrading material – yard trimmings in this case), releases methane which can be harvested as a source of energy, even though I would argue, methane as a fuel source is not a good idea. That’s because methane is 10,000 times more of a greenhouse gas than CO2. And though landfills burn off the methane and others capture the methane for resale, this process is very inefficient. A very large percentage of the methane is simply released into the atmosphere.
In a plastic bag, this problem is interrupted and slowed dramatically, where the yard trimmings, like food scraps, are now taking up space in the landfill, as opposed to being sent to a methane capturing facility where the compost can be harvested.
The other issue with sending yard trimming to a landfill is that, until recent legislative changes were made, the amount of methane coming out of landfills because of the collection of yard trimmings, was remarkable. Metrics were obtained on their contribution to global warming, and today continue to be measured as a contributing variable in the anthropogenic (human) contribution to climate change. It became such a serious matter that the U.S. Composting Council in recent years has passed laws in 28 states, banning the collection of yard waste.
In the event that you bag yard trimmings, please use compostable bags and check state and city requirements, restrictions, and protocols, to ensure your yard trimmings are going to the right destination.
GROW A GARDEN
Growing a garden in our own backyards it’s probably one of the most environmentally conscious decisions we can make. In shopping at chain grocery stores, which is obviously necessary during the winter months, we are purchasing food that has often times come from great distances, often times from other parts of the world. The carbon footprint that is created in bringing foods from halfway around the world is enormous.
By growing our own gardens, we become self-reliant, we diminish our carbon footprint, and we are working towards the sustainability of the planet. If there are not the means to grow a garden, consider shopping locally with local businesses and local farmers. The Farmers Market would be a great example of a place to buy produce and dairy. Our investment in local farmers helps sustain their farms. It also removes GMO’s from our diet and disempower’s corporate giants like Monsanto.
Thousands of people are learning to grow their own food. It’s not just a great idea in theory. There’s a growing movement of those who have found very practical ways to grow their own food.
Food is a tricky issue because the cost of food is used as leverage to sell to the less fortunate or financially challenged, forcing them to compromise their health based on the financial feasibility of eating better. One can get a value meal from McDonald’s for 99 cents or ahead of organic kale for $2 at the grocery store. Lower income families have to make difficult choices when feeding their families that others don’t.
Not everyone can grow their own food, but in cities like Detroit, great strides are being made with the growing number of community/shared gardens where for as little as $10 a month people can rent a small plot of land and be taught how to grow their own food. In addition, city parks, like those in Seattle and around the country have begun programs that involve growing fruit-bearing trees in the recreational for anyone to eat for free, with little signs that even encourage thinking in a communal way by encouraging those taking the fruit to limit themselves to just one piece of fruit……
It’s unfortunate that not everyone can grow their food, but a large enough percentage of the population can if they want to.
We like the convenience of having companies do the work for us, but it creates a dependence on them that allows them to do what this article is sharing. Not all of us, but a growing number of people can shop local and support local farming, which is economically and ecologically more responsible, diminishes our carbon footprint, saves on cost in the long run, feeds the local economy, reduces the profitability of corporate giants like Wal-Mart and enormous grocery stores, like Kroger, Publix, and others, prevents monopolies like MONSANTO’s stranglehold on food production, distribution, and food control, allows for innovation with farmers coming up with non-GMO approaches to agriculture and on and on….
If a decent percentage of people chose to do so, and it’s far more possible than most think, we could literally starve MONSANTO, who now owns the entire agricultural division of our government, to death. The lifeblood of every corporation is commerce and money. We have it, they want it. If we cut off the revenue stream to Monsanto the corporation will collapse. It’s really a matter of educating individuals to make better decisions.
And yes, it’s far more than just vegetables. It’s processed foods as well and the meat industry which is the most destructive industry on the planet. I would highly encourage a viewing of the documentary COWSPIRACY which is profoundly insightful on this issue.
No Garden? Here Are 66 Things You Can Grow At Home In Containers
PLANT TREES IN YOUR YARD . . . . better yet, fruit-bearing trees!
Aside from the benefits trees provide in terms providing oxygen and pulling carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere, trees provide a habitat for birds and other animals, whose homes continues to be encroached on by our expanding civilization. Plus, large expanses of lawn require pesticides and chemicals to maintain the lawn that ultimately threatens wildlife.
Visit the ARBOR DAY FOUNDATION at www.arborday.org and become a member. You can shop for trees and they even have a program where you can receive trees for free.
CONSIDER HARVESTING BEES AND PURCHASE OR CREATE A BEEHIVE
The value of keeping bees goes beyond the obvious benefit of creating your own honey. There are also health benefits as well as the eco-conscious choice to providing a home to bees. Recently, the declining numbers of bees and butterflies have been headlines in the news. In many areas, millions of colonies of wild (or feral) honey bees have been wiped out by urbanization, pesticides, and parasitic mites, devastating the wild honey bee population. When gardeners wonder why they now see fewer and fewer honey bees in their gardens, it’s because of the dramatic decrease in our wild honey bee population. Backyard beekeeping has become vital in our efforts to reestablish lost colonies of bees and offset the natural decrease in pollination by wild bees.
Here are a couple great resources I’ve found:
PLANT BEE AND BUTTERFLY ATTRACTING FLOWERS.
Look around your neighborhood. What don’t you see? Flowers…
Most of the communities have become ecological wastelands or ecological deserts. Communities built today are built with no real consideration regarding the displacement of all the natural species of animals that lived within a given area before we removed the forest to make room for our houses. What you don’t see in most peoples front yards anymore are flowers. Our houses all seem to have plenty of bushes and shrubbery but few if any flowers. With nothing left to pollinate, bee and butterfly populations dying off at an exponential rate. How quick we are to forget that without bees, over 80% of the food we eat cannot be grown.
To help maintain their numbers, flower gardens can really help them make a comeback. Providing them with pollen and nectar sources is an act of reverence for these species.
“Without bees, humans would go extinct within 4 years.” – Albert Einstein
PUT UP BIRD FEEDERs FOR BOTH SEASONAL/MIGRATORY BIRDS AND HUMMINGBIRDS
SHOP AT LOCAL FARMS AND FARMER’s MARKETS
Shopping locally dramatically diminishes our carbon or ecological footprint. This is because food sold in large chain grocery stores arrived there from vast distances and various locales often in other countries. They are often transported by plane, by boat, by train, and by trucks, all of which run on fossil fuels, which only serves to continue adding carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. Another added benefit is that your contribution to local farmers may be the very thing sustaining their farm which oftentimes, has been passed down and worked by generations of a family.
If getting to a marketplace where local vendors, farmers, and retailers sell goods and produce is difficult, check with the marketplace itself. Many vendors do home deliveries with produce, meats, and even pet foods.
SHOP WITH ENVIRONMENTALLY CONSCIOUS VENDORS
Coffee shops, bars, and restaurants are slowly making the move towards using recycled materials and biodegradable products that do not harm the environment. Ask and encourage business to become more environmentally sound. WE VOTE EVERYDAY WITH OUR DOLLARS. Consider that every dollar we spend this supporting a given business.
BECOME A MEMBER OF, DONATE TO, BANK WITH, OR USE CREDIT CARDS PROVIDED BY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION GROUPS WHO GIVE A PORTION OF EVERY PURCHASE TO SAVING AND PROTECTING THE PLANET . . . . BY DOING SO YOU CAN KEEP CURRENT WITH WHAT IS GOING ON WITH THE PLANET AND HOW TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE SOLUTION.
Groups such as: THE SIERRA CLUB www.sierraclub.org THE WORLD WILDLIFE FUND www.wwf.org THE NATIONAL RESOURCES DEFENSE COUNSEL – NRDC www.nrdc.org GREENPEACE INTERNATIONAL www.greenpeace.org THE NATURE CONSERVANCY www.nature.org THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY www.wilderness.org THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION www.nwf.org THE ARBOR DAY FOUNDATION www.arborday.org
DON’T LITTER. EVER!!!!!!
I can’t emphasize this enough. When we litter, what we dispose of is often mistaken for food or nesting material, and can have extremely adverse effects on wildlife. This issue is compounded when considering the decomposition rates of what we litter the environment with.
CLOTHES AND TEXTILES
Damaged clothing and even faded curtains – that aren’t suitable to be passed onto someone else can be recycled and made into new items, such as padding for chairs and car seats, cleaning cloths and industrial blankets.
Some charities such as the FREE STORE FOOD BANK, the SALVATION ARMY, ST. VINCENT DePAUL, and AMVETS collect clothing and textiles for recycling. check with your local store.
Clothing and textile banks are often in the supermarket and local car parks – check to see if they take items for recycling
Some shops such as H&M and Marks & Spencer collect unwanted clothes in-store. Marks & Spencer also collect via their charity partner, Oxfam and offer a discount off your next purchase. Check also with consignment shops who will sell your clothes for you and give you a portion of the sale.
Some antique and vintage shops will buy second-hand clothes, such as evening wear and vintage items
Offer clothes to friends and family or give them to a consignment store and make a little money
USE CLOTH NAPKINS INSTEAD OF PAPER NAPKINS AND A REUSABLE CLOTHS WHERE YOU WOULD TEND TO USE PAPER TOWELS
For example: In my house, I almost never use paper towels for anything. As mentioned earlier when using the non-toxic, biodegradable cleaners listed above, I use a cloth to clean my kitchen counters, stove, table, etc and simply run water through it when I’m done. I ring it out and use it again and again eventually washing them after a couple day’s use. This prevents the generating of more paper waste sent to the landfills created by using paper towels.
USE CLOTH DIAPERS INSTEAD OF PLASTIC DIAPERS
Disposables diapers account for 3.4 million tons of landfill waste per year and DO NOT EVER decompose (since very little breaks down in a landfill, biodegradable or not). Even the ones labeled as “biodegradable” aren’t, because in a landfill because there is no exposure to light, air, or moisture.
IF YOU HAVE CATS TRY NOT TO USE CLAY BASED CAT LITTER
On average, a cat using a litter box filled with traditional, clumping litter will later lick off 1/8 teaspoon of bentonite clay, silica gel, and fragrance crystals. These chemicals can be toxic to cats and cause cats to vomit frequently. There have been numerous cases in which kittens with a sensitivity to these chemicals have died.
In addition to the health effects of clay-based clumping cat litters, the other problem is that they do not decompose. They are mined for in China, shipped to the United States, which creates a huge carbon footprint.
An alternative to clay-based cat litters is wheat based or walnut based clumping litters that contain no chemicals and are completely biodegradable. Others include newspaper and granular pine pellets.
FOR CAT AND DOG HAIR?
Traditional lint rollers contribute more and more paper to our landfills. SCOTCH BRITE Corporation has now developed a reusable lint roller that picks up cat hair very effectively. After using the roller, simply run it under a faucet to wash the hair off and reuse.
I use a “drain trap” to capture the cat hair, as opposed to letting it go down the drain where it could potentially clog pipes, and simply throw the cat hair outside.
TWO QUESTIONS WE SHOULD ALWAYS ASK, BEFORE THROWING ANYTHING AWAY:
Whenever throwing something away ask,
1. “CAN THIS BE RECYCLED?”
. . . . . . . . and if throwing it away seems simpler than taking the time to recycle it, ask yourself,
2. “WHAT WOULD A COUPLE HUNDRED MILLION OF THESE LOOK LIKE IN A LANDFILL?” Keep in mind that there are 314,000,000 Americans throwing garbage away every day when 65% of what we put in the garbage CAN be recycled. EVERYTHING THAT IS THROWN AWAY REQUIRES MORE NATURAL RESOURCES TO MAKE MORE OF IT.
So, I suppose a third question could be asked. “IF I THROW THIS ITEM AWAY HOW MANY RESOURCES WOULD BE REQUIRED TO MAKE A FEW HUNDRED MILLION MORE OF IT WHEN RECYCLING IT WOULD REQUIRE NO MORE RESOURCES AND WOULD PRESERVE THE PLANET?”
Aluminum and glass, for example, can be recycled an infinite number of times. Why would we ever throw these two items away?
To just continue with a throwaway mentality is to literally rob our children of their future. Consumption only leads to one end result. . . . . the depletion of resources. Consumption, versus sustainability, is literally stealing from our children to pay for our lifestyle today.
AND LAST BUT CERTAINLY NOT LEAST: “EDUCATE, EDUCATE, EDUCATE, YOUR CHILDREN!” If it cannot be reused, recycled, repurposed it probably isn’t a good idea to purchase it…
Sadly our children grow up to leave us and pursue their own lives, just as we did. They will only venture out into the world as stewards of the planet and teach their children to do so if in fact they were first taught by us.
To make every purchasing decision an environmentally conscious one, I encourage you to visit a website www.inhabitat.com which features an endless library of articles on green companies, green products, and green design. Happy shopping!!!!
Love and Light in your continued journey of discovery,
P.S. If you can think of something I may have overlooked, or a business that you believe could use a shout out, please feel free to comment and offer input . . . . . Thanks so much for caring about the Earth that is home to all of us!
“SHOULD WE REALLY BE CONCERNED WITH GLOBAL WARMING?”
Last night while eating dinner at a Carrabba’s near my house I ended up sitting at the bar next to a very charming man who engaged me in conversation for quite some time. As often happens, he eventually inquired what it was I did for a living. In sharing with him that I was currently writing a book, a blog, and had recently put together a website to heighten awareness regarding the ecology of commerce and the negative effects our current economic model has had on the natural world, the conversation as you might imagine, blossomed into a much more elaborate discussion where I was asked to explain what was meant by the “Ecology of Commerce.” This brief exchange is symbolic of where we are as a society in understanding our relationship with the Earth and our impact on it.
Current ecological trends indicate that in the very near future we as a global society are poised for an economic collapse from which there will be no recovery. To understand the complexity of this point of view, we need to look somewhere other than Wall Street as our barometer for how the economy is doing and will be doing in the long term. The Financial sector of our civilization has little relevance in looking at the long-term sustainability of civilization. Countless civilizations before ours have collapsed and none were predicated on the demise of the monetary system.
In virtually every case of a civilization collapsing, environmental decline precipitated the unraveling of the social empire. Water shortages led to food shortages, which led to civil unrest. Those affected the most by food and water shortages in essence became “environmental refugees.” Left in dire circumstances, they fled to other countries where they were uninvited and therefore unwelcomed. As a result nations competing for available resources engaged in war, which ultimately led to the collapse of those civilizations. Today, these issues are very real for all of us and we are in far more decline than we previously anticipated.
Though the economics of commerce in our advancing society have been understood for hundreds of years, it’s the “ecology of commerce” (our effect on the natural world) that until recently, has been poorly understood, along with consequences that have been poorly anticipated.
Today, the evidence is overwhelming. The Earth is in trouble. If the Earth is in trouble then “we are all in trouble.”
Civilization’s advancement in our recent history has been nothing short of extraordinary, but it has not come without extraordinary costs to the planet, a price we may pay dearly for in the very near future, according to numerous studies over the last decade revealing a planet rapidly in decline. It is our failure as a global society, not only on the part of governments, industries, banks, and Wall Street, but by us as consumers, to see that, not money, but our natural resources and the natural world are the only real commodity on Earth. Sadly, our misguided perspective has led to a profoundly misguided focus on maintaining the “economy” as opposed to the “ecology” of the planet. It is this inability to see our connection with the planet and what we are doing to it that is, what many researchers believe, pushing the human narrative into its final chapter.
It’s unfortunate, but we cannot separate our well-being from the well-being of the planet we live on any more than a child developing in-utero can separate its well-being from the well-being of its mother that is providing for and nourishing it. Understanding our delicate and often precarious relationship with the natural world is a story that our distant relatives possessed and passed down to each generation, but today this knowledge has been lost to all but a very small percentage of the population and perhaps some environmentally conscious groups. Each generation is more cut off from this knowledge than the one that came before it. Those that implore the masses to concern themselves with the preservation and sustainability of the natural world are often viewed as sensationalists over dramatizing our plundering of the Earth. This is a reflection of truly how blind we’ve become in understanding that the system we believe we are contributing to in a positive way is the very system that is bringing about our own rapid decline. It’s not yet popular to be environmentally conscious, but very soon it will be, as very soon we will have no choice.
For decades, issues regarding the viability of the Earth’s life support systems have been percolating. Environmental groups have been screaming for the masses to wake up and “Save the Planet,” but the apathy surrounding such concerns has created a new challenge. The challenge now is to save civilization itself. The stresses to the environment and to civilization are mounting in number and in scope, gaining more momentum with each passing year, and in looking at the projections as they unfold in various regions of the world and in countless categories, such as population growth, deforestation, desertification, disappearing species, global warming, ice melt, rising sea levels, environmental pollution, waste, every growing plastic gyres in our oceans, and on and on, we’ve not turned one of them around, despite the fact that these issues have been known about for decades. Today, every life support system on the planet is in decline, and though there are many contributing factors, the anthropogenic (human) impact on Climate, namely Global Warming, is the one that will reshape civilization and redefine how we live on Earth. This single issue, that is the elephant in the living room that few care to talk about, is an enormous indicator of things to come. The impact of how the climate is trending paints a very bleak picture both ecologically and economically for our children and our children’s children. So let’s take a look at how this single issue, which is just one of many, is shaping our children’s future.
Though there are countless measurements, studies, and sources to draw these conclusions from, the chart provided below, in a succinct but very compelling way illustrates the trending increase in temperatures from 1880 through the present:
Produced by NASA, the chart illustrates how temperatures have compared to “normal” (or the 1951-1980 average) from 1880 to present, from pole to pole (-90 latitude to 90 latitude). From the 1880 to the 1920s, blue and green shades dominate the chart, signaling cooler than normal temperatures in that era. Then, from the 1930s to the 1970s, warmer yellow, oranges, and reds shades ooze in, balancing the cooler shades. But since the 1970s, the blue and green shades rapidly erode and oranges and reds take over, dramatically. The rapid warming at the northern high latitudes especially jumps out in recent decades, reflecting “Arctic amplification” or more intense warming in the Arctic. Although the warming is most pronounced up north, it is apparent at almost every latitude. And yes, you can even sense the much discussed slow-down in the rate of warming over the last 10-20 years as the coverage of oranges and reds has remained pretty static. Of course, it is widely accepted the Earth has warmed in the last century, or, as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change put it in 2007, the warming of the climate system is “unequivocal.” 
Viewed another way . . . . .
Fig. 2: Definition for global warming: Temp. increase in the last 150 years http://www.globalwarmingart.com/wiki/Image:Instrumental_Temperature_Record_png
When view across the Last Three Decades . . .
Graph provided by Finnish Meteorological Institute and Finnish Ministry for the Environment
In talking with individuals, such as the gentleman I met at dinner, there tends to be a tremendous lack of understanding in the general public regarding the issue of climate change. It’s a charged and polarizing subject matter that many like to weigh in on but few of which are actually armed with any substantial evidence to support their opinion, relying heavily on mainstream media to shape their opinion. Sadly, the media tends to deliberately muddy up the facts and offer more opinions than actual science on the subject. The opinions solicited by talk show hosts and morning show celebrities, are often being offered by individuals in business or economics with no background in climatology or the sciences. Also, there is an enormous disparity in the general public’s understanding regarding the difference between weather and climate that further clouds their appraisal of the complicated issue of Global Warming.
Today, 97% of climatologists, and the rest of the scientific community, see the evidence to support global warming and dramatic climate change in the future as “overwhelming and irrefutable,” and they have good reason. For those continuing to believe climatology is not an “exact science” guess what? It’s not. Nothing in science is. But as the graph below demonstrates, of the peer-reviewed climate studies conduced in the last 21 years, the overwhelming majority support the idea that global warming (occurring at the rate it is as opposed to the time frames found in the ice core studies), today is caused by the human, or anthropogenic, contribution to greenhouse gases.
Image provided by SLATE
Let’s me be clear on this point. Despite what the mainstream media is purporting, “there is no huge controversy over the anthropogenic contribution to global warming in the scientific community.”
Science thrives on dissenting ideas, it grows and learns from them. If there is actual evidence to support an idea, it gets published even if it goes against the mainstream.
The media’s presentation of the issue is where the controversy lies. The loudest voices offering up “opinions,” instead of publishing papers, are coming from fossil fuel funded groups, such as the Heartland Foundation (who are funded with the sole intention of disseminating disinformation), bankers, businessmen, and economists, not scientists. Everyone can have an opinion on global warming and almost everyone does to a greater or lesser extent, but opinions doubt change the immutable facts . . . the world is getting hotter, with each year’s temperatures, breaking the records and heat indexes of the previous year.
We shouldn’t be debating Global Warming in as much as we should be debating what to do about it. As I will illustrate later in this article, everyone, irrespective of what country we live in, will have their lives dramatically changed. This is because we compete in a global market where we are not connecting the dots and seeing how, what effect other countries ultimately effects us. That’s what is simply NOT understood by the masses. Focusing only on the economy is an end game scenario that’s not pretty.
Estimated Temperature Projections
So, why be concerned? Estimating population growth, increased industrial contributions, increased ocean exposure as ice melts, continued deforestation, desertification, and a number of other contributing factors, such as Agribusiness, computer models predict temperature increases of about 3° to 5° C (5° to 9° Fahrenheit) by the year 2100 or soon afterwards accounting for a rise in sea levels by approximately 25 meters (about 82 feet).
Fig 4: Definition for global warming: Temp. increase until the year 2100
So what is the main culprit? Without a doubt, it’s Methane and Carbon Dioxide. Otherwise known as CO2, its increase in concentration is very disconcerting because the dramatic continued rise of this greenhouse gas since this Industrial Revolution, is not slowing, it’s accelerating. Investigations reveal that catastrophic changes in the environment will be seen as the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere reaches a level of 450 ppm.
Because ancient climates are preserved in ice core samples, that allow us to very accurately measure the concentration of gases in the atmosphere at various times in history, the Glaciers themselves are telling us a story.
Ice Sheets are ginormous domes of ice that preserve climate records much like tree rings. Snow added to the top each year compresses into ice creating a distinct layer that scientist can drill holes into and pull a core sample from that allows us to examine bubbles of ancient air trapped in the ice. By measuring the chemistry of the ice we can determine past temperatures and measure the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere. What we’ve learned from these measurements is the corresponding relationship between Carbon Dioxide and temperature. They go up together, they go down together.
Over the past 800,000 years, until the last 40 years, the concentration has never been more than 280 ppm. That is until we started adding CO2 to the atmosphere. Since the Industrial Revolution, over the last 220 years, CO2 levels have risen on average 2 – 3 ppm each year. In June of 2013, we reached 390 ppm which is 40% higher than CO2 variances that occurred due to natural reasons. Now we’re heading for 500 ppm or more.
Image provided by Johns Hopkins University http://jhupressblog.com/2013/06/
It was predicted that if this rate remains unimpeded, the critical value of 450 ppm’s will be reached in approximately 25 to 30 years from now, or maybe sooner. As of April 2014, CO2 levels breached the 400 ppm mark for the first time in recorded history. By June CO2 levels had approached 410 ppm. The rate of increase at which CO2 is being added to the atmosphere is 500-1000 times greater than the pace at which CO2 fluctuations occur due to natural causes. Sadly, this still hasn’t made headlines. The anthropogenic (human) contribution to this phenomenon is indisputable.
SO WHY ALL THE CONFUSION?
I believe the reason there is still so much debate amongst the general public is that they are presented with so many mixed messages. In an attempt to bolster their stance on one side of the issue or the other, individuals take a very myopic view of global trends by using their local weather as their personal prognostication of whether “global warming” is real or not. Looking at their local weather, they may choose to believe there is no evidence for it because their weather doesn’t seem to be consistent with what scientists report globally.
For example, in and around the Ohio Valley where I live, an unusually large amount of snow fell this past winter between the months of December 2013 and February 2014, when there was almost no snowfall for several winters prior. In addition, the Northern Hemisphere’s Polar Vortex, an air mass of frigid arctic air, which is normally confined to regions in northern Canada, in and around the Arctic circle, took an unprecedented dive southward plunging deep into the States, creating some of the coldest winter days in recorded history. As a result, many scoffed at the idea of global warming, using the dumping of snow witnessed this past winter and record low temperatures as evidence that the world is not warming up, and concluded that the topic of climate change is simply non-sensical. It’s disparaging that this abbreviated assessment on the part of many is lacking even the most basic understanding of the fundamental tenets of global warming.
So how do we explain the record breaking cold temperatures of this past winter in a world that we are told is warming up and breaking heat indexes records every year?
If there is one thing that all scientists agree on with respect to the world that is heating up, it is that climate instability will become the new norm. One need not look any further than the weather patterns in the past two weeks in Cincinnati, where in May, a series of days with high temperatures in the upper 80s were followed literally overnight by a series of days where the high temperatures had fallen into the mid to lower 40s. We were literally wearing shorts and t-shirts one day and winter coats the next.
To be very clear, global warming is NOT a “weather” phenomenon. It’s a pattern of weather over very, very long periods of time that are following a very clearly defined path; temperatures that are only continuing to climb to unprecedented levels. In order to understand climate, we look at long-term trends in weather, over not weeks or months, but rather years, decades, centuries, and even millennia.
Scientists see the events of this past winter as evidence of weather being fueled and affected by Global Warming, not a disproving of it. As the world continues to heat up the differential between two interacting air masses of different temperatures, pressure, and air density, increases dramatically, causing more and more erratic weather patterns.
Looking at the jet stream for example, the instability created by the increasing differences in air pressure, temperature, and density both above and below the jet stream, as well as north and south of it, creates a push and pull effect on it that makes the jet stream behaves like it is drunk, becoming more and more unstable, and wandering into regions it normally wouldn’t. The warming temperate region’s air mass becomes less dense and weakens. As a result, the cooler, denser air of the polar vortex, like a bully pushing around the weaker kid on the playground, capitalizes on this weakening, temperate air mass and pushes south as an unwelcome intruder, cooling and coalescing the water vapor it comes in contact with, subsequently dumping snow in large quantities on the land masses beneath it. The illustration below explains . . . . .
Illustration courtesy of ECO WATCH
Put another way, why does the vortex weaken?
Now it gets interesting. More and more Arctic sea ice is melting during summer months. The more ice that melts, the more the Arctic Ocean warms. The ocean radiates much of that excess heat back to the atmosphere in winter, which disrupts the polar vortex. Data taken over the past decade indicate that when a lot of Arctic sea ice disappears in the summer, the vortex has a tendency to weaken over the subsequent winter if related atmospheric conditions prevail over the northern Atlantic Ocean. The situation looks something like that shown in the graphic below. (For a full explanation, see the Scientific American article that accompanies the graphic.)
Although the extent of summer sea ice in the Arctic varies year to year, overall it has been disappearing to a notable degree since 2007 and it is forecast to continue to vanish even further. That could mean more trouble for the polar vortex, and more frigid outbreaks—a seeming contradiction to “global warming,” perhaps, but not for “global weirding,” also known as climate change. 
Graphic by XNR Productions – Photo courtesy of Wing-Chi Poon on WikimediaCommons
These “weird” global weather anomalies, happen because we all share the same atmosphere, where the weather in one part of the world can radically change the weather in another part of the world oceans apart.
Powering our day-to-day weather patterns around the globe is the process of “convection,” in which warm air rises and cooler air from surrounding areas pushes into to the vacant space that was occupied by the rising warmer air. Locally, this movement of air is what creates breezes. The wind blowing past you is on its way to fill a void of space where the heated warmer air is rising.
This process is illustrated below, in the blue areas dissecting the atmosphere, where the heated surface of the Earth warms the air above it, causing it to rise and be replaced by sinking cooler air.
When we apply this concept to the interactions between enormous air masses (often larger than even the continents they pass over), this is what creates our weather on a day-to-day basis. As the graphic below illustrates, when the edges of two air masses of different temperatures, pressures, and densities collide the moisture in the air at those edges or “frontal boundaries” is affected and creates showers and thunderstorms. It is the interface between these frontal boundaries where “all” storms, rain showers, and snow showers occur.
As a cooler, more dense air mass pushes into and under the warmer, less dense air mass it causes the warmer air mass to rise and the water vapor contained in it, to cool and coalesce, forming water droplets that fall back to Earth in the form of rain, hail, or snow. On the grand scale, as the temperatures in a given region increase, warmer rising air masses sequester cooler air from surrounding regions causing the temperatures in those areas to fall. This creates temperature and weather instability worldwide.
As the atmosphere tries to create equilibrium, the increasing global temperatures cause these weather patterns to take on a more capricious nature creating uncharacteristic weather in different regions for months or years. This is exactly what has been predicted by all the computer simulations and is why some of the hottest summers in one region of the world can create some of the coldest winters in other regions of the world. We cannot look at the local weather patterns that play out in the course of one week as evidence for or against global warming. Viewing them against the backdrop of climate trends that climatologist have been monitoring for decades is the only way to see these anomalies for what they are; evidence that the world’s weather is becoming more unstable as the world heats up. As the world continues to heat up we will see these erratic patterns of weather becoming more commonplace.
As mentioned earlier, few scientist today believe that Global Warming, and for that matter the human contribution to it, is still a matter of debate. The longer we continue sticking our heads in the sand and ignoring the issue, the higher the stakes get. Never before has the focus on Global Warming and its dire effects been under more scrutiny. In global assessments monitoring ice melt in Greenland, the Arctic, and in Antarctica, it’s obvious why there is so much concern.
Fracturing ice, or what is known as “calving,” is a process by which ice rifts and subsequently breaks away from the glacier or the ice shelf it is a part of. It is a very reliable indicator of climate change, and everywhere we look, the ice is disappearing much faster than any of the computer models predicted. One dramatic example of this is the Ililussat Glacier in Greenland, which has retreated more in the last 10 years than it has in the last 100 years.
Though scientists agree that sea levels have risen and fallen significantly over the 4.6 billion years geological lifespan of the Earth, the recent rate of global sea level rise has departed from the statistical averages of the past several thousand years and is rising more rapidly with each passing year.
This is very disconcerting, as it reveals to us that the climate on Earth is changing dramatically. Other highlights of glacial calving in recent years include an event in 2008, where climatologist observed in one week the disappearance of sea ice in the Arctic larger than the United Kingdom. In January 2010, an area larger than Rhode Island broke off the Ronne-Filchner ice shelf in Antarctica, which was followed in August 2010 by an event at the opposite end of the planet where an area known as the Peterman Glacier in Greenland, saw a massive iceberg, 97 square miles in diameter (an area four times the size of New York City), calve and break off into the sea. In November of 2013, it was announced that an iceberg ten times the size of New York City broke away from Antarctica’s Pine Island Bay. Last week, NASA announced that the collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is “unstoppable,” and if it melts completely would account for a 13 ft. rise in sea level.
Visualization of Antarctic temperature changes.
NASA Earth Observatory
Dr. Rignot said in the NASA news conference, “Today we present observational evidence that a large sector of the West Antarctic ice sheet has gone into irreversible retreat. It has passed the point of no return.”
Another report last week, deemed the collapse of the Thwaites Glacier Basin in another part of Antarctica, as “inevitable,” which in 2002 saw the calving and subsequent breakage of a 2,000 square mile ice sheet. The melting of this glacier, which has been described as the “linchpin” for the entire West Antarctic Ice Sheet, would by itself account for a 2 ft. increase in sea level in decades to come. This accelerating trend will have catastrophic effects on the world’s coastlines and enormous effects on the global economy in the future.
UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL . . .
Glacier Island Antarctica calving ice sheet
Photo provided by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center CC, BY
THE IMPACT ON YOU AND I PERSONALLY
Though there are countless ways Global Warming impacts us, I will present one scenario of how we are all in the same boat and like it or not we’re all in it together.
One reading this may think, “How does this concern me?” To understand and appreciate the magnitude of concerns surrounding rising sea levels, consider that worldwide more than 100 million people live within 3 ft. of the ocean.  Those affected first by rising sea levels would be the rice farming populaces in and around river deltas in Asia who would see their crops disappear into the sea. But they’re not the only ones who would be affected by rising sea levels. Large cities where human populations have concentrated near coastal areas—Shanghai, Bangkok, Jakarta, Tokyo, London, and New York will be underwater before the end of the century if rising CO2 levels and their corresponding impact on rising sea level continues at the current rate. In countries like the Netherlands, where nearly half its landmass is already at or below sea level, the projected economic and humanitarian impacts on their society will be catastrophic. Here in the United States, 39%, (123 million people) live directly on the shoreline, with 52% (164 million people) of our population living in coastal counties within 50 miles of the shorelines and would be directly impacted by rising sea levels.
This poses a threat because as sea level rises, salt from the intruding sea will inevitably find its way into freshwater aquifers, where it will threaten sources of drinking water and also make raising crops problematic, if not impossible. In areas of the Middle East, for example, where Egypt’s crops and agriculture have been established around the Nile Delta, widespread erosion and saltwater intrusion would be disastrous since the country, which is predominantly desert, contains very little arable land for agriculture. The London-based Environmental Justice Foundation reports, that “a one meter [3-foot] sea level rise . . . . . would account for the loss of at least 2 million hectares in the fertile Nile Delta, displacing 8-10 million people, including nearly the entire population of Alexandria.” 
But they’re not the only ones. River deltas have always given rise to large populations, and are subsequently some of the most vulnerable to climate change. Other river deltas including the Mississippi, Irrawaddy, Niger, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Mekong, and Yangtze, would all be vulnerable to encroaching sea water, as it would eventually seep into the freshwater aquifers that are used to irrigate crops. Irrigating crops with water heavily contaminated with salt would destroy the crops by profoundly changing the pH (the acidity) of the soil, making it very difficult to grow crops for a very long period of time, not to mention what the implications are for their drinking water. One can begin to fathom the unprecedented ecological effect this would have on food production in all areas of the world for literally billions of people.
A rising sea level though is not the only threat created by global warming. In many agricultural regions around the world, snow, believe it or not, is the primary source of irrigation and drinking water. As temperatures rise, there is less and less precipitation in areas of the world that rely heavily upon it. Glacial snowmelt in the snow caps of the Himalayas in Asia and in the Andes mountains in South America are suffering the most from increasing temperatures, with the greatest loss of snow/ice occurring in the Himalayas of the Tibetan Plateau. The disappearing snowmelt would be catastrophic to large populaces in India and China that reside along the Indus, Ganges, Yangtze, and Yellow Rivers, because of their heavy reliance on these glacier-fed rivers, where the snowmelt each year provides the water for irrigating crops in the spring and summer, that provide food for the masses.
Lester Brown writes in his book, WORLD ON THE EDGE:
“For Americans, the melting of the glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau would appear to be China’s problem. It is. But it is also everyone else’s problem. For U.S., consumers, this melting poses a nightmare scenario. If China enters the world market for massive quantities of grain, as it has already done for soybeans over the last decade, it will necessarily come to the United States – far and away the leading exporter. The prospect of 1.3 billion Chinese with rapidly rising incomes competing with American consumers for the U.S. grain harvest, and thus driving up food prices, is not an attractive one.
In the 1970s, when tight world food supplies were generating unacceptable food price inflation in the United States, the government restricted grain exports. This is no longer an option where China is concerned.”
Each month starting in 2008, when the Treasury Department was auctioning off securities to cover the U.S. fiscal deficit, China was the biggest buyer, now holding over $1.2 trillion of U.S. debt and has essentially become the biggest banker for the United States. Whether we like it or not, our near-sighted view of the global economy by only concerning ourselves with how our country is doing, while failing to understand all the moving parts and the ecology driving it, has to change. Americans will soon be competing with Chinese consumers for our food harvests. Their loss is our loss. As the availability of water and food diminishes in China, the global market sells to the highest bidder, irrespective of nationality or who is producing what in the marketplace. This is just one of a number of scenarios illustrating the complexity of our world economy. Preventing the demise of the natural world is in everyone’s best interests.
China aside, we here in the States are not exempt in suffering the effects of diminishing snowmelt. For example, the Colorado River is the primary source of irrigation water for many southwest states. Snowmelt from the snowfields and snowcaps in the Rockies contribute considerably too much of its volume of water. California, which depends on water channeled from the Colorado River, also depends heavily on snowmelt from the Sierra Nevada mountain range to supply water for irrigation to the state’s fruit and vegetable crops. As mountain glaciers, snowcaps, and snowfields continue to shrink, the reduced runoff will create unprecedented water shortages resulting in tremendous societal stresses as food supplies tighten in densely populated parts of the world. The impact is already being felt in the southwest as another year of devasting drought has caused the Colorado River to dry up right before our eyes over the course of 3 years.
Butte County, CA. 2011
Butte County, CA. 2014
Orville Lake, CA. 2011
Orville Lake, CA. 2014
Unfortunately, California isn’t the only place suffering the effects of a warming world. Texas has also seen the devastating effects of a planet that is heating up.
Lake Meredith, TX. 1999
Lake Meredith, TX. 2011
And just so the reader isn’t lead to believe these are isolated cases of water loss, one need look no further than the disappearance of the Aral Sea located between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan over the last 30 years
Aral Sea 1977 – 2009
(1,279 sq miles of fresh water lost)
If these were the only problems to consider in a warmer world, it would be sufficient, but as temperatures rise, there are other problems that emerge. Another threat from increasing temperatures is the effect it has on photosynthesis. In a study conducted by Ohio State University, research showed that photosynthesis in plants, namely those that provide us food, increases until the temperature reaches 68° F, where it then plateaus until the temperature reaches 95° F. At this temperature, we see diminishing returns where photosynthesis goes into decline producing fewer and fewer carbohydrates and the plant’s growth is stunted. At 104° F photosynthesis stops altogether. Likewise, the pollination of rice follows the same pattern. Studied in depth in the Philippines, scientists discovered that the pollination of rice falls from 100% at 93° to nearly zero at 104°.  The combination of these two phenomena alone can create an unprecedented diminishing of food harvests.
Adding complexity to this issue, geo-political matters of the State often creates stark contrasts and difficult challenges in deciding what is more important when prioritizing the economy, business, industry and the marketplace, or sustaining the ecology of a given geographic region of the planet. This is because making the changes in industry will require monetary funds that in the long term will pay dividends, but in the short term can stress the economy by over-extending budgets. Unfortunately, the longer we wait, the stakes merely get higher and higher as civilization continues to grow, which today is occurring at an exponential rate. It’s both sad and ironic that the two countries that were planning to build the most coal-fired powered plants are China and India, the two countries that stand to suffer the most from a decision that will only serve to compound the issue of diminishing snow melt. There is now a drastic effort in both of these countries to consider alternative forms of energy. Thankfully, China recently announced plans to build the biggest solar array and the largest off shore wind farm on the planet. Signs of hope are starting to emerge. Here in the United States, we are woefully behind Europe in moving from fossil fuels, to alternative energy. We can only hope that this movement will gain momentum in the years to come.
WHAT CAN WE AS A SOCIETY AND AS INDIVIDUALS DO ABOUT IT?
If society continues with a “business as usual” approach to industry and business, doing tomorrow what it is we have always done up until this point, nothing will change with respect to the global ecological forecasts. Dramatic changes are going to be required in which future cities, both here and abroad, will have to be built around people, not cars in order to diminish CO2 emissions. Industry has to adopt better practices that minimize our ecological footprint and impact on the natural world. Alternative forms of transportation, such as light rail systems, electric trains, hybrid cars and eventually electric cars, like the Tesla Model S, will have to become implemented into civil engineering plans and become the predominant mainstream form of transportation.
Cities developed around people walking or biking will dramatically reduce CO2 emissions and rising greenhouse gases. Alternative forms of energy such as wind, solar, and geothermal sources can further reduce emissions dramatically. Until they become more prevalent, minimizing our electrical usage with energy efficient light bulbs and appliances helps as does adjusting our thermostats to minimize energy usage. Rooftop solar water heating is a trend that is gaining tremendous momentum. U.S. installation of these systems has more than tripled since 2005. Reducing paper usage to preserve forests is going to preserve the balance in the CO2 and O2 exchange between the plant kingdom and us. This a system with checks and balances that we cannot afford to destroy.
One step that we can take to preserving trees is with respect to “Junk Mail.” The Environmental Protection Agency reports Americans as a whole receive close to five million tons of junk mail every year with the average american household receiving 15-20 pounds of junk mail a month.
The Catalog Choice, is a non-profit group that offers a completely free service that has helped 1.3 million people opt out of receiving 19 million pieces of junk mail. Their website streamlines the opt-out process so you don’t have to contact companies yourself.
Chuck Teller, the CEO of Catalog Choice said, “Companies actually make it pretty complicated to opt out many times. … We’ve taken a five-minute process, and we make it around 10 seconds to make an opt-out choice, record that choice, and if the mail comes back, come back and file a formal complaint.”
New legislation called the “Commercial Privacy Bill of Rights” could help reduce the junk mail clutter by limiting the amount of information that is shared with marketing companies — but that’s being opposed by the direct mail industry.
Reforestation, replacing those trees that have been lost as urban areas expand further and further out from the epicenter of the city, and sprawl into natural habitats surrounding the cities. On an individual level planting trees around our house certainly help minimize our impact on the environment. Every tree planted is one more removing CO2 buildup from the atmosphere.
With that said, shopping at local farms or gardening in our own backyards dramatically diminishes our carbon or ecological footprint. This is because food sold in a grocery chain arrived there from vast distances and various locales often in other countries. They are often transported by plane, by boat, by train, and by trucks, all of which run on fossil fuels, which only serves to continue adding carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere.
But the single biggest impact we can have in saving both civilization and the natural world is educating our young, teaching them to have a reverence for the Earth and its life support systems. This is the only way our children will have a viable planet left to inherit.
For more ideas on how to protect the environment read my blog titled: THINGS WE EACH CAN DO TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT.
In the future, it will become more and more imperative that we abandon our patriotic identifications with the countries we live in, and far more expensive in our Global View by seeing, that we all share one planet. We are tied together today in ways most will never be able to contemplate, because our tendency is to have a very myopic view of the world we live in, preoccupied for the most part with only what is going on in our lives. In a global economy we are all affected by industrialization, whether it takes place here or abroad because of the interdependence of one nation upon another in importing and exporting resources to sustain civilization. We cannot change the climate dramatically in one part of the world without its effects being felt by everyone on earth. This is a scenario we all participate in. We have to understand, we are all in it together, regardless of each country’s and each government’s economic and political goals
The thin blanket of air that extends above us is a shared system, shared by the entire world. Climate change is not simply a matter of the world getting warmer. What is poorly understood by society is how our impact on global climate change is far-reaching and permeates virtually every aspect of not only our own personal lives, but that of geopolitical interests, economic interests, and agricultural interests. It creates concerns with respect to water shortages and the availability of food in various regions of the world, which spills over in matters of national security, as conflicts along national borders that will undoubtedly occur as people, whose ecology has been adversely affected by climate change will be forced to emigrate to regions or countries where food and resources are still available. Crossing borders in large numbers poses a threat to a country’s economic sustainability, and raises a number of moral and ethical questions. Do we simply close our borders and turn our backs on the prodigious number of people facing desperate situations and tremendous human suffering? Or do we provide them refuge as they retreat from their desolation? These considerations would require perhaps reconciling the disparity that sometimes lies between our political, national, and patriotic views, with our spiritual beliefs of being our brother’s keeper, or by all together choosing one point of view vs. the other.
As the world’s climate changes, regions of the world will become profoundly affected and vulnerable on an economic level to being cut out of the equation in the distribution and allocation of food, clean water, and resources. Because financial currency is used as a means of an exchange and allocating resources, those countries in the best monetary standing on the global stage would be able to ultimately sequester the majority of the worlds available resources, food, and water, which in turn would put tremendous stresses on far less economically stable countries. One can clearly see how the issue of climate change is far more complex than just breaking out the sunscreen where the world is becoming a warmer place.
 Global Warming in One Unmistakable Compelling Chart: The Washington Post
 Extreme Winter Weather Explained: by Scientific American.
 Signs from Earth: The Big Thaw by National Geographic
 Brown, L. 2011. World on the Edge: How to Prevent Economic and Environmental Collapse. 72-73. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
 Brown, L. 2011. World on the Edge: How to Prevent Economic and Environmental Collapse. 47-48. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Love and Light to you in your continued journey of discovery,
Photography by Louis Schwartzberg
Just as the Earth provides for us in a symbiotic or mutually beneficial way, we as stewards of the Earth must always be cognizant of the fact that what we take from it is not easily replaced. Consider for a moment, it takes approximately five hundred years for nature to create one inch of topsoil from the underlying rock that a bulldozer can remove in a heartbeat. In the case of disappearing species, once gone, they can never be replaced. As each one disappears, the delicate balance in the web of life is disrupted and in some cases can have catastrophic effects on the survival of every other species. Look no further than the rapidly declining numbers and potential fate of bees. If all the bees on planet Earth disappear, and currently they are at an alarming rate due to the misguided application of under-tested pesticides, without their ability to pollenate plants, there are few crops that can be harvested and humans would disappear from the face of the Earth within an estimated four years of their extinction. Our withdrawals from the natural world will be paid with compounding interests if each year’s neglect of the natural world continues the way it has. What takes us only days to take from the environment, can in many cases take thousands of year for nature to replace or rebuild.
Today, where 217,000 people are added to the planet every day, it is imperative that we shift our focus from one of consumption and waste to one of sustainability. Revisiting with our children what our ancestors taught, to educate our children and our grandchildren of our delicate relationship with the Earth. Now is the time to again, fall in love with the Earth, to see our connection to it, to protect it, to respect LIFE, all life, and build a sustainable future for our descendants as we send our love into the future.
Love and Light in your continued journey of discovery . . . . .
I chose to post this picture because I felt it represented the aim of SHIFT ETHOS. That aim is to help people fall in love with nature again. Although the picture in this post is not his, anyone viewing the works of Louis Schwartzberg, who used time-lapse photography to show us the elegant dance of life in all living things that would otherwise be imperceptible to the human eye, would realize the world is alive, communicating with itself, and is playing in a graceful and elegant dance with itself. In a TED talk he gave in June of 2011, he said it most magniloquently when he said:
“Beauty and seduction is nature’s tool for survival, because we protect what we fall in love with. It opens our hearts and makes us realize we are a part of nature and not separate from it. When we see ourselves in nature, it connects us to each and every one of us because it’s clear that it’s all connected and one.”
Perhaps if we can come to discover the beauty and seduction of nature and see our connection to it we would be far more inclined to protect it. To hear his inspiring talk and view the amazing works of Louis Schwartzberg go to:
Enjoy and be inspired!
Love and Light to you,